1Z68

Crystal Structure Of Human Fibroblast Activation Protein alpha


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and kinetic analysis of the substrate specificity of human fibroblast activation protein alpha.

Aertgeerts, K.Levin, I.Shi, L.Snell, G.P.Jennings, A.Prasad, G.S.Zhang, Y.Kraus, M.L.Salakian, S.Sridhar, V.Wijnands, R.Tennant, M.G.

(2005) J Biol Chem 280: 19441-19444

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.C500092200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1Z68

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Fibroblast activation protein alpha (FAPalpha) is highly expressed in epithelial cancers and has been implicated in extracellular matrix remodeling, tumor growth, and metastasis. We present the first high resolution structure for the apoenzyme as well as kinetic data toward small dipeptide substrates ...

    Fibroblast activation protein alpha (FAPalpha) is highly expressed in epithelial cancers and has been implicated in extracellular matrix remodeling, tumor growth, and metastasis. We present the first high resolution structure for the apoenzyme as well as kinetic data toward small dipeptide substrates. FAPalpha exhibits a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV)-like fold, featuring an alpha/beta-hydrolase domain and an eight-bladed beta-propeller domain. Known DPPIV dipeptides are cleaved by FAPalpha with an approximately 100-fold decrease in catalytic efficiency compared with DPPIV. Moreover, FAPalpha, but not DPPIV, possesses endopeptidase activity toward N-terminal benzyloxycarbonyl (Z)-blocked peptides. Comparison of the crystal structures of FAPalpha and DPPIV revealed one major difference in the vicinity of the Glu motif (Glu(203)-Glu(204) for FAPalpha; Glu(205)-Glu(206) for DPPIV) within the active site of the enzyme. Ala(657) in FAPalpha, instead of Asp(663) as in DP-PIV, reduces the acidity in this pocket, and this change could explain the lower affinity for N-terminal amines by FAPalpha. This hypothesis was tested by kinetic analysis of the mutant FAPalpha/A657D, which shows on average an approximately 60-fold increase in the catalytic efficiency, as measured by k(cat)/K(m), for the cleavage of dipeptide substrates. Furthermore, the catalytic efficiency of the mutant is reduced by approximately 350-fold for cleavage of Z-Gly-Pro-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin. Our data provide a clear understanding of the molecular determinants responsible for the substrate specificity and endopeptidase activity of FAPalpha.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Takeda San Diego, Inc., California 92121, USA. kaertgeerts@takedasd.com



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
fibroblast activation protein, alpha subunitA, B719Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: FAP
EC: 3.4.21 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.21.26 (UniProt), 3.4.14.5 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q12884 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q12884 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q12884
PHAROS:  Q12884
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseC, E2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-3)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseD2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G79924RM
GlyCosmos:  G79924RM
GlyGen:  G79924RM
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.295α = 90
b = 152.58β = 90
c = 214.855γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-04-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary