HIV-1 DIS RNA subtype F- Mn soaked

  • Classification: RNA
  • Mutation(s): No 

  • Deposited: 2004-11-26 Released: 2005-11-08 
  • Deposition Author(s): Ennifar, E., Dumas, P.

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.220 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.220 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Polymorphism of Bulged-out Residues in HIV-1 RNA DIS Kissing Complex and Structure Comparison with Solution Studies.

Ennifar, E.Dumas, P.

(2006) J Mol Biol 356: 771-782

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2005.12.022
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1XP7, 1XPE, 1XPF, 1Y3O, 1Y3S, 1YXP, 1ZCI

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    All retroviruses encapsidate their genome as a dimer of homologous single-stranded RNAs. The dimerization initiation site (DIS) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is located in the 5'-untranslated region of the viral genome and consists of a hairpin with a 6 nt self-complementary loop sequence. Genomic RNA dimerization, a crucial step for virion infectivity, is promoted by the formation of a loop-loop complex (or kissing complex) between two DIS hairpins. Crystal structures for the subtypes A, B and F of the HIV-1 DIS kissing complex have now been solved at 2.3 A, 1.9 A and 1.6 A, respectively. They revealed a polymorphism of bulged-out residues showing clearly that their conformation is not a mere consequence of crystal packing. They also provide more insights into ion binding, hydration, and RNA conformation and flexibility. In particular, we observed the binding of spermine to the loop-loop helix, which displaced a magnesium cation important for subtype A DIS dimerization. The excellent agreement between X-ray structures and the results of chemical probing and interference data on larger viral RNA fragments shows that the crystal structures are relevant for the DIS kissing complex present in solution and in viral particles. Accordingly, these structures will be helpful for designing new drugs derived from aminoglycoside antibiotics and targeted against the RNA dimerization step of the viral life-cycle.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    UPR 9002 CNRS conventionnée à L'Université Louis Pasteur, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, 15 rue René Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg, France. e.ennifar@ibmc.u-strasbg.fr


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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains LengthOrganismImage
A, B
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.220 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.220 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 27.341α = 90
b = 117.358β = 90
c = 94.672γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-11-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2023-08-23
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description