Structural evidence for direct hydride transfer from NADH to cytochrome P450norOshima, R., Fushinobu, S., Su, F., Zhang, L., Takaya, N., Shoun, H.
(2004) J Mol Biol 342: 207-217
- PubMed: 15313618
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.07.009
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Nitric oxide reductase cytochrome P450nor catalyzes an unusual reaction, direct electron transfer from NAD(P)H to bound heme. Here, we succeeded in determining the crystal structure of P450nor in a complex with an NADH analogue, nicotinic acid adenin ...
Nitric oxide reductase cytochrome P450nor catalyzes an unusual reaction, direct electron transfer from NAD(P)H to bound heme. Here, we succeeded in determining the crystal structure of P450nor in a complex with an NADH analogue, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide, which provides conclusive evidence for the mechanism of the unprecedented electron transfer. Comparison of the structure with those of dinucleotide-free forms revealed a global conformational change accompanied by intriguing local movements caused by the binding of the pyridine nucleotide. Arg64 and Arg174 fix the pyrophosphate moiety upon the dinucleotide binding. Stereo-selective hydride transfer from NADH to NO-bound heme was suggested from the structure, the nicotinic acid ring being fixed near the heme by the conserved Thr residue in the I-helix and the upward-shifted propionate side-chain of the heme. A proton channel near the NADH channel is formed upon the dinucleotide binding, which should direct continuous transfer of the hydride and proton. A salt-bridge network (Glu71-Arg64-Asp88) was shown to be crucial for a high catalytic turnover.
Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, 113-8657, Japan.