1X54

Crystal structure of asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase from Pyrococcus horikoshii complexed with asparaginyl-adenylate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.192 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Basis of the Water-assisted Asparagine Recognition by Asparaginyl-tRNA Synthetase.

Iwasaki, W.Sekine, S.Kuroishi, C.Kuramitsu, S.Shirouzu, M.Yokoyama, S.

(2006) J.Mol.Biol. 360: 329-342

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2006.04.068
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (AsnRS) is a member of the class-II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, and is responsible for catalyzing the specific aminoacylation of tRNA(Asn) with asparagine. Here, the crystal structure of AsnRS from Pyrococcus horikoshii, c ...

    Asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (AsnRS) is a member of the class-II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, and is responsible for catalyzing the specific aminoacylation of tRNA(Asn) with asparagine. Here, the crystal structure of AsnRS from Pyrococcus horikoshii, complexed with asparaginyl-adenylate (Asn-AMP), was determined at 1.45 A resolution, and those of free AsnRS and AsnRS complexed with an Asn-AMP analog (Asn-SA) were solved at 1.98 and 1.80 A resolutions, respectively. All of the crystal structures have many solvent molecules, which form a network of hydrogen-bonding interactions that surrounds the entire AsnRS molecule. In the AsnRS/Asn-AMP complex (or the AsnRS/Asn-SA), one side of the bound Asn-AMP (or Asn-SA) is completely covered by the solvent molecules, which complement the binding site. In particular, two of these water molecules were found to interact directly with the asparagine amide and carbonyl groups, respectively, and to contribute to the formation of a pocket highly complementary to the asparagine side-chain. Thus, these two water molecules appear to play a key role in the strict recognition of asparagine and the discrimination against aspartic acid by the AsnRS. This water-assisted asparagine recognition by the AsnRS strikingly contrasts with the fact that the aspartic acid recognition by the closely related aspartyl-tRNA synthetase is achieved exclusively through extensive interactions with protein amino acid residues. Furthermore, based on a docking model of AsnRS and tRNA, a single arginine residue (Arg83) in the AsnRS was postulated to be involved in the recognition of the third position of the tRNA(Asn) anticodon (U36). We performed a mutational analysis of this particular arginine residue, and confirmed its significance in the tRNA recognition.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase
A
434Pyrococcus horikoshii (strain ATCC 700860 / DSM 12428 / JCM 9974 / NBRC 100139 / OT-3)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: asnS
EC: 6.1.1.22
Find proteins for O57980 (Pyrococcus horikoshii (strain ATCC 700860 / DSM 12428 / JCM 9974 / NBRC 100139 / OT-3))
Go to UniProtKB:  O57980
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
4AD
Query on 4AD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
4-AMINO-1,4-DIOXOBUTAN-2-AMINIUM ADENOSINE-5'-MONOPHOSPHATE
ASNAMP
C14 H21 N7 O9 P
BZHVCXQAFQWXPZ-VWJPMABRSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.192 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 126.071α = 90.00
b = 68.221β = 117.18
c = 75.706γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-05-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance