Structural Basis of Compound Recognition by Adenosine DeaminaseKinoshita, T., Nakanishi, I., Terasaka, T., Kuno, M., Seki, N., Warizaya, M., Matsumura, H., Inoue, T., Takano, K., Adachi, H., Mori, Y., Fujii, T.
(2005) Biochemistry 44: 10562-10569
- PubMed: 16060665
- DOI: 10.1021/bi050529e
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1VFL
- PubMed Abstract:
Structural snapshots corresponding to various states enable elucidation of the molecular recognition mechanism of enzymes. Adenosine deaminase has two distinct conformations, an open form and a closed form, although it has so far been unclear what fa ...
Structural snapshots corresponding to various states enable elucidation of the molecular recognition mechanism of enzymes. Adenosine deaminase has two distinct conformations, an open form and a closed form, although it has so far been unclear what factors influence adaptation of the alternative conformations. Herein, we have determined the first nonligated structure as an initial state, which was the open form, and have thereby rationally deduced the molecular recognition mechanism. Inspection of the active site in the nonligated and ligated states indicated that occupancy at one of the water-binding positions in the nonligated state was highly significant in determining alternate conformations. When this position is empty, subsequent movement of Phe65 toward the space induces the closed form. On the other hand, while occupied, the overall conformation remains in the open form. This structural understanding should greatly assist structure-oriented drug design and enable control of the enzymatic activity.
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