NMR solution structure of BmK-betaIT, an excitatory scorpion beta-toxin without a 'hot spot' at the relevant positionTong, X., Yao, J., He, F., Chen, X., Zheng, X., Xie, C., Wu, G., Zhang, N., Ding, J., Wu, H.
(2006) Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun. 349: 890-899
- PubMed: 16970911
- DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.08.131
- PubMed Abstract:
BmK-betaIT (previously named as Bm32-VI in the literature), an excitatory scorpion beta-toxin, is purified from the venom of the Chinese scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch. It features a primary sequence typical of the excitatory anti-insect toxins: tw ...
BmK-betaIT (previously named as Bm32-VI in the literature), an excitatory scorpion beta-toxin, is purified from the venom of the Chinese scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch. It features a primary sequence typical of the excitatory anti-insect toxins: two contiguous Cys residues (Cys37-Cys38) and a shifted location of the fourth disulfide bridges (Cys38-Cys64), and demonstrates bioactivity characteristic of the excitatory beta-toxins. However, it is noteworthy that BmK-betaIT is not conserved with a glutamate residue at the preceding position of the third Cys residue, and is the first example having a non-glutamate residue at the relevant position in the excitatory scorpion beta-toxin subfamily. The 3D structure of BmK-betaIT is determined with 2D NMR spectroscopy and molecular modeling. The solution structure of BmK-betaIT is closely similar to those of BmK IT-AP and Bj-xtrIT, only distinct from the latter by lack of an alpha(0)-helix. The surface functional patch comparison with those of BmK IT-AP and Bj-xtrIT reveals their striking similarity in the spatial arrangement. These results infer that the functional surface of beta-toxins is composed of two binding regions and a functional site. The main binding site is consisted of hydrophobic residues surrounding the alpha(1)-helix and its preceding loop, which is common to all beta-type scorpion toxins affecting Na(+) channels. The second binding site, which determines the specificity of the toxin, locates at the C-terminus for excitatory insect beta-toxin, while rests at the beta-sheet and its linking loop for anti-mammal toxins. The functional site involved in the voltage sensor-trapping model, which characterizes the function of all beta-toxins, is the negatively charged residue Glu15.
State Key Laboratory of Bio-organic and Natural Products Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China.