1WW2

Crystallographic studies on two bioisosteric analogues, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosylamine and N-trifluoroacetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosylamine, potent inhibitors of muscle glycogen phosphorylase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystallographic studies on two bioisosteric analogues, N-acetyl-beta-d-glucopyranosylamine and N-trifluoroacetyl-beta-d-glucopyranosylamine, potent inhibitors of muscle glycogen phosphorylase

Anagnostou, E.Kosmopoulou, M.N.Chrysina, E.D.Leonidas, D.D.Hadjiloi, T.Tiraidis, C.Zographos, S.E.Gyorgydeak, Z.Somsak, L.Docsa, T.Gergely, P.Kolisis, F.N.Oikonomakos, N.G.

(2006) Bioorg.Med.Chem. 14: 181-189

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2005.08.010
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 2FFR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Structure-based inhibitor design has led to the discovery of a number of potent inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase b (GPb), N-acyl derivatives of beta-D-glucopyranosylamine, that bind at the catalytic site of the enzyme. The first good inhibitor in ...

    Structure-based inhibitor design has led to the discovery of a number of potent inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase b (GPb), N-acyl derivatives of beta-D-glucopyranosylamine, that bind at the catalytic site of the enzyme. The first good inhibitor in this class of compounds, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosylamine (NAG) (K(i) = 32 microM), has been previously characterized by biochemical, biological and crystallographic experiments at 2.3 angstroms resolution. Bioisosteric replacement of the acetyl group by trifluoroacetyl group resulted in an inhibitor, N-trifluoroacetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosylamine (NFAG), with a K(i) = 75 microM. To elucidate the structural basis of its reduced potency, we determined the ligand structure in complex with GPb at 1.8 angstroms resolution. To compare the binding mode of N-trifluoroacetyl derivative with that of the lead molecule, we also determined the structure of GPb-NAG complex at a higher resolution (1.9 angstroms). NFAG can be accommodated in the catalytic site of T-state GPb at approximately the same position as that of NAG and stabilize the T-state conformation of the 280 s loop by making several favourable contacts to Asn284 of this loop. The difference observed in the K(i) values of the two analogues can be interpreted in terms of subtle conformational changes of protein residues and shifts of water molecules in the vicinity of the catalytic site, variations in van der Waals interaction, and desolvation effects.


    Related Citations: 
    • N-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosylamine: a potent T-state inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase. A comparison with alpha-D-glucose
      Oikonomakos, N.G.,Kontou, M.,Zographos, S.E.,Watson, K.A.,Johnson, L.N.,Bichard, C.J.,Fleet, G.W.,Acharya, K.R.
      (1995) Protein Sci. 4: 2469
    • Glucose analogue inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase: from crystallographic analysis to drug prediction using GRID force-field and GOLPE variable selection
      Watson, K.A.
      (1995) ACTA CRYSTALLOGR.,SECT.D 51: 458


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Organic and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, The National Hellenic Research Foundation, 48, Vas. Constantinou Ave. 116 35 Athens, Greece.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glycogen phosphorylase, muscle form
A
842Oryctolagus cuniculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PYGM
EC: 2.4.1.1
Find proteins for P00489 (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Go to Gene View: PYGM
Go to UniProtKB:  P00489
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PLP
Query on PLP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
VITAMIN B6 Phosphate
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NBG
Query on NBG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
1-N-ACETYL-BETA-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
IBONACLSSOLHFU-JAJWTYFOSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
NBGKi: 31623 - 32000 nM (97) BINDINGDB
NBGKi: 32000 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 128.752α = 90.00
b = 128.752β = 90.00
c = 116.121γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-12-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance