1WLS

Crystal structure of L-asparaginase I homologue protein from Pyrococcus horikoshii


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.16 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of the type I L-asparaginase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii at 2.16 angstroms resolution.

Yao, M.Yasutake, Y.Morita, H.Tanaka, I.

(2005) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 61: 294-301

  • DOI: 10.1107/S0907444904032950

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of the L-asparaginase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii (PhA) was determined by the multiwavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) method and was refined to a resolution of 2.16 angstroms with a crystallogra ...

    The crystal structure of the L-asparaginase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii (PhA) was determined by the multiwavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) method and was refined to a resolution of 2.16 angstroms with a crystallographic R factor and free R factor of 21.1 and 25.3%, respectively. This is the first report of the three-dimensional structure of a type I L-asparaginase. These enyzmes are known as cytosolic L-asparaginases with lower affinities for substrate than the type II L-asparaginases. Although the overall fold of PhA was closely related to the structure of the well characterized type II L-asparaginase, structural differences were also detected. PhA forms a homodimer that corresponds to half the homotetramer of type II L-asparaginases. Structure comparison at the active site reveals that most catalytic residues are conserved except for two residues that recognize the amino group of the substrate. Additionally, a remarkable structural difference is found in the so-called 'active-site flexible loop'. In PhA this loop is stabilized by beta-hairpin formation and by elaborate interactions with the type-I-specific alpha-helical region derived from the other subunit forming the PhA dimer. The flexible loop of the type II enzyme is considered to serve as a mobile gate to the active site. Therefore, the loop stabilization observed in the PhA structure may cause limitation of the access of the substrate to the active site.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Kita-10, Nishi-8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
L-asparaginase
A, B
328Pyrococcus horikoshii (strain ATCC 700860 / DSM 12428 / JCM 9974 / NBRC 100139 / OT-3)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for O57797 (Pyrococcus horikoshii (strain ATCC 700860 / DSM 12428 / JCM 9974 / NBRC 100139 / OT-3))
Go to UniProtKB:  O57797
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.16 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 125.676α = 90.00
b = 77.200β = 90.00
c = 98.691γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SOLVEphasing
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-03-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance