1WCG

Aphid myrosinase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.146 
  • R-Value Work: 0.132 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure at 1.1A Resolution of an Insect Myrosinase from Brevicoryne Brassicae Shows its Close Relationship to Beta-Glucosidases.

Husebye, H.Arzt, S.Burmeister, W.P.Haertel, F.V.Brandt, A.Rossiter, J.T.Bones, A.M.

(2005) Insect Biochem.Mol.Biol. 35: 1311

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2005.07.004

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The aphid Brevicoryne brassicae is a specialist feeding on Brassicaceae plants. The insect has an intricate defence system involving a beta-D-thioglucosidase (myrosinase) that hydrolyses glucosinolates sequestered from the host plant into volatile is ...

    The aphid Brevicoryne brassicae is a specialist feeding on Brassicaceae plants. The insect has an intricate defence system involving a beta-D-thioglucosidase (myrosinase) that hydrolyses glucosinolates sequestered from the host plant into volatile isothiocyanates. These isothiocyanates act synergistically with the pheromone E-beta-farnesene to form an alarm system when the aphid is predated. In order to investigate the enzymatic characteristics of the aphid myrosinase and its three-dimensional structure, milligram amounts of pure recombinant aphid myrosinase were obtained from Echerichia coli. The recombinant enzyme had similar physiochemical properties to the native enzyme. The global structure is very similar to Sinapis alba myrosinase and plant beta-O-glucosidases. Aphid myrosinase has two catalytic glutamic acid residues positioned as in plant beta-O-glucosidases, and it is not obvious why this unusual enzyme hydrolyses glucosinolates, the common substrates of plant myrosinases which are normally not hydrolyzed by plant beta-O-glucosidases. The only residue specific for aphid myrosinase in proximity of the glycosidic linkage is Tyr180 which may have a catalytic role. The aglycon binding site differs strongly from plant myrosinase, whereas due to the presence of Trp424 in the glucose binding site, this part of the active site is more similar to plant beta-O-glucosidases, as plant myrosinases carry a phenylalanine residue at this position.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
THIOGLUCOSIDASE
A, B
464Brevicoryne brassicaeMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.2.1.147
Find proteins for Q95X01 (Brevicoryne brassicae)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q95X01
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.146 
  • R-Value Work: 0.132 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 73.853α = 90.00
b = 67.365β = 93.70
c = 97.301γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-11-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance