Selenium-Assisted Nucleic Acid Crystallography: Use of Phosphoroselenoates for MAD Phasing of a DNA StructureWilds, C.J., Pattanayek, R., Pan, C., Wawrzak, Z., Egli, M.
(2002) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 124: 14910-14916
- PubMed: 12475332
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The combination of synchrotron radiation and a variety of atoms or ions (either covalently attached to the biomolecule prior to crystallization or soaked into crystals) that serve as anomalous scatterers constitutes a powerful tool in the X-ray cryst ...
The combination of synchrotron radiation and a variety of atoms or ions (either covalently attached to the biomolecule prior to crystallization or soaked into crystals) that serve as anomalous scatterers constitutes a powerful tool in the X-ray crystallographer's repertoire of structure determination techniques. Phosphoroselenoates in which one of the nonbridging phosphate oxygens in the backbone is replaced by selenium offer a simplified means for introducing an anomalous scatterer into oligonucleotides by conventional solid-phase synthesis. Unlike other methods that are used to derivatize DNA or RNA by covalent attachment of a heavy atom (i.e., bromine at the C5 position of pyrimidines), tedious synthesis of specialized nucleosides is not required. Introduction of selenium is readily accomplished in solid-phase oligonucleotide synthesis by replacing the standard oxidation agent with a solution of potassium selenocyanide. This results in a diastereomeric mixture of phosphoroselenoates that can be separated by strong anion-exchange HPLC. As a test case, all 10 DNA hexamers of the sequence CGCGCG containing a single phosphoroselenoate linkage (PSe) were prepared. Crystals were grown for a subset of them, and the structure of [d(C(PSe)GCGCG)](2) was determined by the multiwavelength anomalous dispersion technique and refined to 1.1 A resolution.
Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235, USA.