1UH4

Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 1/malto-tridecaose complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Complex Structures of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-Amylase 1 with Malto-oligosaccharides Demonstrate the Role of Domain N Acting as a Starch-binding Domain

Abe, A.Tonozuka, T.Sakano, Y.Kamitori, S.

(2004) J Mol Biol 335: 811-822

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2003.10.078
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1UH4, 1UH3, 1UH2

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The X-ray structures of complexes of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 1 (TVAI) with an inhibitor acarbose and an inactive mutant TVAI with malto-hexaose and malto-tridecaose have been determined at 2.6, 2.0 and 1.8A resolution, and the structures have been refined to R-factors of 0 ...

    The X-ray structures of complexes of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 1 (TVAI) with an inhibitor acarbose and an inactive mutant TVAI with malto-hexaose and malto-tridecaose have been determined at 2.6, 2.0 and 1.8A resolution, and the structures have been refined to R-factors of 0.185 (R(free)=0.225), 0.184 (0.217) and 0.164 (0.200), respectively, with good chemical geometries. Acarbose binds to the catalytic site of TVAI, and interactions between acarbose and the enzyme are very similar to those found in other structure-solved alpha-amylase/acarbose complexes, supporting the proposed catalytic mechanism. Based on the structure of the TVAI/acarbose complex, the binding mode of pullulan containing alpha-(1,6) glucoside linkages could be deduced. Due to the structural difference caused by the replaced amino acid residue (Gln396 for Glu) in the catalytic site, malto-hexaose and malto-tridecaose partially bind to the catalytic site, giving a mimic of the enzyme/product complex. Besides the catalytic site, four sugar-binding sites on the molecular surface are found in these X-ray structures. Two sugar-binding sites in domain N hold the oligosaccharides with a regular helical structure of amylose, which suggests that the domain N is a starch-binding domain acting as an anchor to starch in the catalytic reaction of the enzyme. An assay of hydrolyzing activity for the raw starches confirmed that TVAI can efficiently hydrolyze raw starch.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
alpha-amylase IA637Thermoactinomyces vulgarisMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: tvaI
EC: 3.2.1.1 (PDB Primary Data), 3.2.1.135 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for Q60053 (Thermoactinomyces vulgaris)
Explore Q60053 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q60053
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranoseB3N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G96370VA
GlyCosmos:  G96370VA
GlyGen:  G96370VA
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranoseC5N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G50146AM
GlyCosmos:  G50146AM
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranoseD3N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G03861VK
GlyCosmos:  G03861VK
GlyGen:  G03861VK
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranoseE6N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G91368RN
GlyCosmos:  G91368RN
GlyGen:  G91368RN
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GLC
Query on GLC

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A]alpha-D-glucopyranose
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-DVKNGEFBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
J [auth A](4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A], H [auth A], I [auth A]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 4 Unique
Entity ID: 2
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900009
Query on PRD_900009
Balpha-maltotrioseOligosaccharide /  Nutrient Ligand Interaction
Entity ID: 3
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900030
Query on PRD_900030
Calpha-maltopentaoseOligosaccharide /  Substrate analog Ligand Interaction
Entity ID: 4
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900014
Query on PRD_900014
Dalpha-cellotrioseOligosaccharide /  Metabolism Ligand Interaction
Entity ID: 5
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900035
Query on PRD_900035
Ealpha-maltohexaoseOligosaccharide /  Substrate analog Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 120.88α = 90
b = 50.519β = 103.43
c = 108.073γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-01-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary