1TLL

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RAT NEURONAL NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE REDUCTASE MODULE AT 2.3 A RESOLUTION.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.244 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for isozyme-specific regulation of electron transfer in nitric-oxide synthase

Garcin, E.D.Bruns, C.M.Lloyd, S.J.Hosfield, D.J.Tiso, M.Gachhui, R.Stuehr, D.J.Tainer, J.A.Getzoff, E.D.

(2004) J Biol Chem 279: 37918-37927

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M406204200
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Three nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) isozymes play crucial, but distinct, roles in neurotransmission, vascular homeostasis, and host defense, by catalyzing Ca(2+)/calmodulin-triggered NO synthesis. Here, we address current questions regarding NOS activi ...

    Three nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) isozymes play crucial, but distinct, roles in neurotransmission, vascular homeostasis, and host defense, by catalyzing Ca(2+)/calmodulin-triggered NO synthesis. Here, we address current questions regarding NOS activity and regulation by combining mutagenesis and biochemistry with crystal structure determination of a fully assembled, electron-supplying, neuronal NOS reductase dimer. By integrating these results, we structurally elucidate the unique mechanisms for isozyme-specific regulation of electron transfer in NOS. Our discovery of the autoinhibitory helix, its placement between domains, and striking similarities with canonical calmodulin-binding motifs, support new mechanisms for NOS inhibition. NADPH, isozyme-specific residue Arg(1400), and the C-terminal tail synergistically repress NOS activity by locking the FMN binding domain in an electron-accepting position. Our analyses suggest that calmodulin binding or C-terminal tail phosphorylation frees a large scale swinging motion of the entire FMN domain to deliver electrons to the catalytic module in the holoenzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. edg@scripps.edu



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Nitric-oxide synthase, brain
A, B
688Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Nos1Bnos
EC: 1.14.13.39
Find proteins for P29476 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P29476
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAP
Query on NAP

Download CCD File 
A, B
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FMN
Query on FMN

Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE
C17 H21 N4 O9 P
FVTCRASFADXXNN-SCRDCRAPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO3
Query on SO3

Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFITE ION
O3 S
LSNNMFCWUKXFEE-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.244 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 65.756α = 76.8
b = 69.174β = 72.07
c = 82.628γ = 67.14
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-08-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance