1TB6

2.5A Crystal Structure of the Antithrombin-Thrombin-Heparin Ternary Complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 

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This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the antithrombin-thrombin-heparin ternary complex reveals the antithrombotic mechanism of heparin.

Li, W.Johnson, D.J.Esmon, C.T.Huntington, J.A.

(2004) Nat Struct Mol Biol 11: 857-862

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsmb811
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1TB6

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The maintenance of normal blood flow depends completely on the inhibition of thrombin by antithrombin, a member of the serpin family. Antithrombin circulates at a high concentration, but only becomes capable of efficient thrombin inhibition on interaction with heparin or related glycosaminoglycans ...

    The maintenance of normal blood flow depends completely on the inhibition of thrombin by antithrombin, a member of the serpin family. Antithrombin circulates at a high concentration, but only becomes capable of efficient thrombin inhibition on interaction with heparin or related glycosaminoglycans. The anticoagulant properties of therapeutic heparin are mediated by its interaction with antithrombin, although the structural basis for this interaction is unclear. Here we present the crystal structure at a resolution of 2.5 A of the ternary complex between antithrombin, thrombin and a heparin mimetic (SR123781). The structure reveals a template mechanism with antithrombin and thrombin bound to the same heparin chain. A notably close contact interface, comprised of extensive active site and exosite interactions, explains, in molecular detail, the basis of the antithrombotic properties of therapeutic heparin.


    Organizational Affiliation

    University of Cambridge, Department of Haematology, Division of Structural Medicine, Thrombosis Research Unit, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, UK.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
thrombinA [auth L]49Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
PHAROS:  P00734
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
thrombinB [auth H]259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
PHAROS:  P00734
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Antithrombin-IIIC [auth I]432Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: SERPINC1AT3PRO0309
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P01008 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01008 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01008
PHAROS:  P01008
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseD [auth A]3N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G21290RB
GlyCosmos:  G21290RB
GlyGen:  G21290RB
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2,3,4,6-tetra-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfonato-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranuronic acid-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-alpha-L-idopyranuronic acid-(1-4)-methyl 3-O-methyl-2,6-di-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranosideE [auth B]16N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G47649RA
GlyCosmos:  G47649RA
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseF [auth C]5N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G22768VO
GlyCosmos:  G22768VO
GlyGen:  G22768VO
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseG [auth D]3N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G15407YE
GlyCosmos:  G15407YE
GlyGen:  G15407YE
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.409α = 90
b = 88.404β = 90
c = 117.218γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
CNSrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-08-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary