1TB6

2.5A Crystal Structure of the Antithrombin-Thrombin-Heparin Ternary Complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structure of the antithrombin-thrombin-heparin ternary complex reveals the antithrombotic mechanism of heparin.

Li, W.Johnson, D.J.Esmon, C.T.Huntington, J.A.

(2004) Nat Struct Mol Biol 11: 857-862

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsmb811
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The maintenance of normal blood flow depends completely on the inhibition of thrombin by antithrombin, a member of the serpin family. Antithrombin circulates at a high concentration, but only becomes capable of efficient thrombin inhibition on intera ...

    The maintenance of normal blood flow depends completely on the inhibition of thrombin by antithrombin, a member of the serpin family. Antithrombin circulates at a high concentration, but only becomes capable of efficient thrombin inhibition on interaction with heparin or related glycosaminoglycans. The anticoagulant properties of therapeutic heparin are mediated by its interaction with antithrombin, although the structural basis for this interaction is unclear. Here we present the crystal structure at a resolution of 2.5 A of the ternary complex between antithrombin, thrombin and a heparin mimetic (SR123781). The structure reveals a template mechanism with antithrombin and thrombin bound to the same heparin chain. A notably close contact interface, comprised of extensive active site and exosite interactions, explains, in molecular detail, the basis of the antithrombotic properties of therapeutic heparin.


    Organizational Affiliation

    University of Cambridge, Department of Haematology, Division of Structural Medicine, Thrombosis Research Unit, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, UK.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
thrombinL49Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
thrombinH259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Antithrombin-IIII432Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: SERPINC1AT3PRO0309
Find proteins for P01008 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01008 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01008
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01008
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
A
3 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2,3,4,6-tetra-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfonato-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranuronic acid-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-alpha-L-idopyranuronic acid-(1-4)-methyl 3-O-methyl-2,6-di-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranoside
B
16 N/A
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C
5 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
D
3 N-Glycosylation
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
I
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

Download CCD File 
H, I
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.409α = 90
b = 88.404β = 90
c = 117.218γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
CNSrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-08-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary