1T5P

Human Heme Oxygenase Oxidation of alpha- and gamma-meso-phenylhemes


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.11 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.310 
  • R-Value Work: 0.270 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Human heme oxygenase oxidation of 5- and 15-phenylhemes.

Wang, J.Niemevz, F.Lad, L.Huang, L.Alvarez, D.E.Buldain, G.Poulos, T.L.Ortiz de Montellano, P.R.

(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 42593-42604

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M406346200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1S13

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human heme oxygenase-1 (hHO-1) catalyzes the O2-dependent oxidation of heme to biliverdin, CO, and free iron. Previous work indicated that electrophilic addition of the terminal oxygen of the ferric hydroperoxo complex to the alpha-meso-carbon gives ...

    Human heme oxygenase-1 (hHO-1) catalyzes the O2-dependent oxidation of heme to biliverdin, CO, and free iron. Previous work indicated that electrophilic addition of the terminal oxygen of the ferric hydroperoxo complex to the alpha-meso-carbon gives 5-hydroxyheme. Earlier efforts to block this reaction with a 5-methyl substituent failed, as the reaction still gave biliverdin IXalpha. Surprisingly, a 15-methyl substituent caused exclusive cleavage at the gamma-meso-rather than at the normal, unsubstituted alpha-meso-carbon. No CO was formed in these reactions, but the fragment cleaved from the porphyrin eluded identification. We report here that hHO-1 cleaves 5-phenylheme to biliverdin IXalpha and oxidizes 15-phenylheme at the alpha-meso position to give 10-phenylbiliverdin IXalpha. The fragment extruded in the oxidation of 5-phenylheme is benzoic acid, one oxygen of which comes from O2 and the other from water. The 2.29- and 2.11-A crystal structures of the hHO-1 complexes with 1- and 15-phenylheme, respectively, show clear electron density for both the 5- and 15-phenyl rings in both molecules of the asymmetric unit. The overall structure of 15-phenylheme-hHO-1 is similar to that of heme-hHO-1 except for small changes in distal residues 141-150 and in the proximal Lys18 and Lys22. In the 5-phenylheme-hHO-1 structure, the phenyl-substituted heme occupies the same position as heme in the heme-HO-1 complex but the 5-phenyl substituent disrupts the rigid hydrophobic wall of residues Met34, Phe214, and residues 26-42 near the alpha-meso carbon. The results provide independent support for an electrophilic oxidation mechanism and support a role for stereochemical control of the reaction regiospecificity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-2280, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Heme oxygenase 1
A, B
233Homo sapiensGene Names: HMOX1 (HO, HO1)
EC: 1.14.14.18
Find proteins for P09601 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HMOX1
Go to UniProtKB:  P09601
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
1FH
Query on 1FH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
12-PHENYLHEME
C40 H38 Fe N4 O4
QYZKGXFDXHPSJI-SZSVFXIKDE
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.11 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.310 
  • R-Value Work: 0.270 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 52.914α = 90.00
b = 64.425β = 90.02
c = 60.467γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data collection
MOLREPphasing
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-08-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance