1SOQ

Crystal structure of the transthyretin mutant A108Y/L110E solved in space group C2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The beta-strand D of transthyretin trapped in two discrete conformations

Hornberg, A.Olofsson, A.Eneqvist, T.Lundgren, E.Sauer-Eriksson, A.E.

(2004) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 1700: 93-104

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2004.04.004
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Conformational changes in native and variant forms of the human plasma protein transthyretin (TTR) induce several types of amyloid diseases. Biochemical and structural studies have mapped the initiation site of amyloid formation onto residues at the ...

    Conformational changes in native and variant forms of the human plasma protein transthyretin (TTR) induce several types of amyloid diseases. Biochemical and structural studies have mapped the initiation site of amyloid formation onto residues at the outer C and D beta-strands and their connecting loop. In this study, we characterise an engineered variant of transthyretin, Ala108Tyr/Leu110Glu, which is kinetically and thermodynamically more stable than wild-type transthyretin, and as a consequence less amyloidogenic. Crystal structures of the mutant were determined in two space groups, P2(1)2(1)2 and C2, from crystals grown in the same crystallisation set-up. The structures are identical with the exception for residues Leu55-Leu58, situated at beta-strand D and the following DE loop. In particular, residues Leu55-His56 display large shifts in the C2 structure. There the direct hydrogen bonding between beta-strands D and A has been disrupted and is absent, whereas the beta-strand D is present in the P2(1)2(1)2 structure. This difference shows that from a mixture of metastable TTR molecules, only the molecules with an intact beta-strand D are selected for crystal growth in space group P2(1)2(1)2. The packing of TTR molecules in the C2 crystal form and in the previously determined amyloid TTR (ATTR) Leu55Pro crystal structure is close-to-identical. This packing arrangement is therefore not unique in amyloidogenic mutants of TTR.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Umeå Centre for Molecular Pathogenesis, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Transthyretin
A, B, C, D
127Homo sapiensMutations: E110L, Y108A
Gene Names: TTR (PALB)
Find proteins for P02766 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: TTR
Go to UniProtKB:  P02766
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 101.287α = 90.00
b = 67.524β = 112.59
c = 80.978γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
CNSphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-07-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Derived calculations, Version format compliance