1SEZ

Crystal Structure of Protoporphyrinogen IX Oxidase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.293 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.250 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase: a key enzyme in haem and chlorophyll biosynthesis.

Koch, M.Breithaupt, C.Kiefersauer, R.Freigang, J.Huber, R.Messerschmidt, A.

(2004) EMBO J 23: 1720-1728

  • DOI: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600189
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1SEZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase (PPO), the last common enzyme of haem and chlorophyll biosynthesis, catalyses the oxidation of protoporphyrinogen IX to protoporphyrin IX. The membrane-embedded flavoprotein is the target of a large class of herbicides. ...

    Protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase (PPO), the last common enzyme of haem and chlorophyll biosynthesis, catalyses the oxidation of protoporphyrinogen IX to protoporphyrin IX. The membrane-embedded flavoprotein is the target of a large class of herbicides. In humans, a defect in PPO is responsible for the dominantly inherited disease variegate porphyria. Here we present the crystal structure of mitochondrial PPO from tobacco complexed with a phenyl-pyrazol inhibitor. PPO forms a loosely associated dimer and folds into an FAD-binding domain of the p-hydroxybenzoate-hydrolase fold and a substrate-binding domain that enclose a narrow active site cavity beneath the FAD and an alpha-helical membrane-binding domain. The active site architecture suggests a specific substrate-binding mode compatible with the unusual six-electron oxidation. The membrane-binding domains can be docked onto the dimeric structure of human ferrochelatase, the next enzyme in haem biosynthesis, embedded in the opposite side of the membrane. This modelled transmembrane complex provides a structural explanation for the uncoupling of haem biosynthesis observed in variegate porphyria patients and in plants after inhibiting PPO.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Abteilung Strukturforschung, Martinsried, Germany. mikoch@biochem.mpg.de



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Protoporphyrinogen oxidase, mitochondrialAB504Nicotiana tabacumMutation(s): 9 
Gene Names: PPXIIPPOX2
EC: 1.3.3.4
Find proteins for O24164 (Nicotiana tabacum)
Explore O24164 
Go to UniProtKB:  O24164
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
OMN
Query on OMN

Download CCD File 
A, B
4-BROMO-3-(5'-CARBOXY-4'-CHLORO-2'-FLUOROPHENYL)-1-METHYL-5-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRAZOL
C12 H6 Br Cl F4 N2 O2
YNMHKERYELPEEF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TON
Query on TON

Download CCD File 
A, B
2-{2-[4-(1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL)PHENOXY]ETHOXY}ETHANOL
C18 H30 O3
LBCZOTMMGHGTPH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.293 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.250 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 119.09α = 90
b = 147.25β = 90
c = 127.04γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SHARPphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-04-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance