Crystal structure of human thimet oligopeptidase provides insight into substrate recognition, regulation, and localizationRay, K., Hines, C.S., Coll-Rodriguez, J., Rodgers, D.W.
(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 20480-20489
- PubMed: 14998993
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M400795200
- Also Cited By: 2O36
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structure of neurolysin reveals a deep channel that limits substrate access
Brown, C.K.,Madauss, K.,Lian, W.,Beck, M.R.,Tolbert, W.D.,Rodgers, D.W.
(2001) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 98: 3127
- Mapping sequence differences between thimet oligopeptidase and neurolysin indicates key residues in substrate recognition
Ray, K.,Hines, C.S.,Rodgers, D.W.
(2002) Protein Sci. 11: 2237
Thimet oligopeptidase (TOP) is a zinc metallopeptidase that metabolizes a number of bioactive peptides and degrades peptides released by the proteasome, limiting antigenic presentation by MHC class I molecules. We present the crystal structure of hum ...
Thimet oligopeptidase (TOP) is a zinc metallopeptidase that metabolizes a number of bioactive peptides and degrades peptides released by the proteasome, limiting antigenic presentation by MHC class I molecules. We present the crystal structure of human TOP at 2.0-A resolution. The active site is located at the base of a deep channel that runs the length of the elongated molecule, an overall fold first seen in the closely related metallopeptidase neurolysin. Comparison of the two related structures indicates hinge-like flexibility and identifies elements near one end of the channel that adopt different conformations. Relatively few of the sequence differences between TOP and neurolysin map to the proposed substrate-binding site, and four of these variable residues may account for differences in substrate specificity. In addition, a loop segment (residues 599-611) in TOP differs in conformation and degree of order from the corresponding neurolysin loop, suggesting it may also play a role in activity differences. Cysteines thought to mediate covalent oligomerization of rat TOP, which can inactivate the enzyme, are found to be surface-accessible in the human enzyme, and additional cysteines (residues 321,350, and 644) may also mediate multimerization in the human homolog. Disorder in the N terminus of TOP indicates it may be involved in subcellular localization, but a potential nuclear import element is found to be part of a helix and, therefore, unlikely to be involved in transport. A large acidic patch on the surface could potentially mediate a protein-protein interaction, possibly through formation of a covalent linkage.
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry and Center for Structural Biology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA.