1S3P

Crystal structure of rat alpha-parvalbumin S55D/E59D mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure of a High-Affinity Variant of Rat alpha-Parvalbumin.

Lee, Y.H.Tanner, J.J.Larson, J.D.Henzl, M.T.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 10008-10017

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi0492915

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In model peptide systems, Ca2+ affinity is maximized in EF-hand motifs containing four carboxylates positioned on the +x and -x and +z and -z axes; introduction of a fifth carboxylate ligand reduces the affinity. However, in rat beta-parvalbumin, rep ...

    In model peptide systems, Ca2+ affinity is maximized in EF-hand motifs containing four carboxylates positioned on the +x and -x and +z and -z axes; introduction of a fifth carboxylate ligand reduces the affinity. However, in rat beta-parvalbumin, replacement of Ser-55 with aspartate heightens divalent ion affinity [Henzl, M. T., et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 5856-5869]. The corresponding alpha-parvalbumin variant (S55D/E59D) likewise exhibits elevated affinity [Henzl, M. T., et al. (2003) Anal. Biochem. 319, 216-233]. To determine whether these mutations produce a variation on the archetypal EF-hand coordination scheme, we have obtained high-resolution X-ray crystallographic data for alpha S55D/E59D. As anticipated, the aspartyl carboxylate replaces the serine hydroxyl at the +z coordination position. Interestingly, the Asp-59 carboxylate abandons the role it plays as an outer sphere ligand in wild-type rat beta, rotating away from the Ca2+ and, instead, forming a hydrogen bond with the amide of Glu-62. Superficially, the coordination sphere in the CD site of alpha S55D/E59D resembles that in the EF site. However, the orientation of the Asp-59 side chain is predicted to stabilize the D-helix, which may contribute to the heightened divalent ion affinity. DSC data indicate that the alpha S55D/E59D variant retains the capacity to bind 1 equiv of Na+. Consistent with this finding, when binding measurements are conducted in K(+)-containing buffer, divalent ion affinity is markedly higher. In 0.15 M KCl and 0.025 M Hepes-KOH (pH 7.4) at 5 degrees C, the macroscopic Ca2+ binding constants are 1.8 x 10(10) and 2.0 x 10(9) M(-1). The corresponding Mg2+ binding constants are 2.7 x 10(6) and 1.2 x 10(5) M(-1).


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Parvalbumin alpha
A
109Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: Pvalb (Pva)
Find proteins for P02625 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P02625
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 61.470α = 90.00
b = 51.570β = 90.00
c = 30.750γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-09-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description