1RXX

Structure of arginine deiminase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural insight into arginine degradation by arginine deiminase, an antibacterial and parasite drug target.

Galkin, A.Kulakova, L.Sarikaya, E.Lim, K.Howard, A.Herzberg, O.

(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 14001-14008

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M313410200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • l-Arginine deiminase (ADI) catalyzes the irreversible hydrolysis of arginine to citrulline and ammonia. ADI is involved in the first step of the most widespread anaerobic route of arginine degradation. ADI, missing in high eukaryotes, is a potential ...

    l-Arginine deiminase (ADI) catalyzes the irreversible hydrolysis of arginine to citrulline and ammonia. ADI is involved in the first step of the most widespread anaerobic route of arginine degradation. ADI, missing in high eukaryotes, is a potential antimicrobial and antiparasitic drug target. We have determined the crystal structure of ADI from Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the multi-wavelength anomalous diffraction method at 2.45 A resolution. The structure exhibits similarity to other arginine-modifying or substituted arginine-modifying enzymes such as dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH), arginine:glycine amidinotransferase, and arginine:inosamine-phosphate amidinotransferase, despite the lack of significant amino acid sequence homology to these enzymes. The similarity spans a core domain comprising five betabetaalphabeta motifs arranged in a circle around a 5-fold pseudosymmetry axis. ADI contains an additional alpha-helical domain of novel topology inserted between the first and the second betabetaalphabeta modules. A catalytic triad, Cys-His-Glu/Asp (arranged in a different manner from that of the thiol proteases), seen in the other arginine-modifying enzymes is also conserved in ADI, as well as many other residues involved in substrate binding. Based on this conservation pattern and the assumption that the substrate binding mode is similar to that of DDAH, an ADI catalytic mechanism is proposed. The main players are Cys-406, which mounts the nucleophilic attack on the carbon atom of the guanidinium group of arginine, and His-278, which serves as a general base.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Advanced Research In Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Arginine deiminase
A, B, C, D
421Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: arcA
EC: 3.5.3.6
Find proteins for P13981 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1))
Go to UniProtKB:  P13981
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, B, C, D
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 114.900α = 90.00
b = 114.900β = 90.00
c = 300.700γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXDphasing
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-01-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance