A New Crystal Structure of Deoxyhypusine Synthase Reveals the Configuration of the Active Enzyme and of an Enzyme-NAD-Inhibitor Ternary ComplexUmland, T.C., Wolff, E.C., Park, M.-H., Davies, D.R.
(2004) J Biol Chem 279: 28697-28705
- PubMed: 15100216
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M404095200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
1RLZ, 1ROZ, 1RQD
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystal structure of the NAD complex of human deoxyhypusine synthase: an enzyme with a ball-and-chain mechanism for blocking the active site
Liao, D.I., Wolff, E.C., Park, M.-H., Davies, D.R.
(1998) Structure 6: 23
Deoxyhypusine synthase catalyzes the first step in the two-step post-translational synthesis of hypusine, which is uniquely present in eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). Deoxyhypusine synthase and eIF5A are conserved throughout the eukaryotic k ...
Deoxyhypusine synthase catalyzes the first step in the two-step post-translational synthesis of hypusine, which is uniquely present in eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). Deoxyhypusine synthase and eIF5A are conserved throughout the eukaryotic kingdom, and both are essential for cell proliferation and survival. A previous study (Liao, D. I., Wolff, E. C., Park, M. H., and Davies, D. R. (1998) Structure 6, 23-32) of human deoxyhypusine synthase revealed four active sites of the homotetrameric enzyme located within deep tunnels. These Form I crystals were obtained under conditions of acidic pH and high ionic strength and likely contain an inactive enzyme. Each active-site entrance is blocked by a ball-and-chain motif composed of a region of extended structure capped by a two-turn alpha-helix. We report here at 2.2 A a new Form II crystal of the deoxyhypusine synthase:NAD holoenzyme grown at low ionic strength and pH 8.0, near the optimal pH for enzymatic activity. The ball-and-chain motif could not be detected in the electron density, suggesting that it swings freely and thus it no longer obstructs the active-site entrance. The deoxyhypusine synthase competitive inhibitor N(1)-guanyl-1,7-diaminoheptane (GC(7))is observed bound within the putative active site of the enzyme in the new crystal form (Form II) after exposure to the inhibitor. This first structure of a deoxyhypusine synthase.NAD.inhibitor ternary complex under physiological conditions now provides a structural context to discuss the results of previous biochemical investigations of the deoxyhypusine synthase reaction mechanism. This structure also provides a basis for the development of improved inhibitors and antiproliferative agents.
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.