1RLW

CALCIUM-PHOSPHOLIPID BINDING DOMAIN FROM CYTOSOLIC PHOSPHOLIPASE A2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of a calcium-phospholipid binding domain from cytosolic phospholipase A2.

Perisic, O.Fong, S.Lynch, D.E.Bycroft, M.Williams, R.L.

(1998) J.Biol.Chem. 273: 1596-1604


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is a calcium-sensitive 85-kDa enzyme that hydrolyzes arachidonic acid-containing membrane phospholipids to initiate the biosynthesis of eicosanoids and platelet-activating factor, potent inflammatory mediators. The ...

    Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is a calcium-sensitive 85-kDa enzyme that hydrolyzes arachidonic acid-containing membrane phospholipids to initiate the biosynthesis of eicosanoids and platelet-activating factor, potent inflammatory mediators. The calcium-dependent activation of the enzyme is mediated by an N-terminal C2 domain, which is responsible for calcium-dependent translocation of the enzyme to membranes and that enables the intact enzyme to hydrolyze membrane-resident substrates. The 2.4-A x-ray crystal structure of this C2 domain was solved by multiple isomorphous replacement and reveals a beta-sandwich with the same topology as the C2 domain from phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C delta 1. Two clusters of exposed hydrophobic residues surround two adjacent calcium binding sites. This region, along with an adjoining strip of basic residues, appear to constitute the membrane binding motif. The structure provides a striking insight into the relative importance of hydrophobic and electrostatic components of membrane binding for cPLA2. Although hydrophobic interactions predominate for cPLA2, for other C2 domains such as in "conventional" protein kinase C and synaptotagmins, electrostatic forces prevail.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Medical Research Council Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PHOSPHOLIPASE A2
A
126Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: PLA2G4A (CPLA2, PLA2G4)
Find proteins for P47712 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PLA2G4A
Go to UniProtKB:  P47712
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CD
Query on CD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CADMIUM ION
Cd
WLZRMCYVCSSEQC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
CAΔG: -33.2 kJ/mol (98) BINDINGDB
CAΔH: -26 kJ/mol (98) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 79.410α = 90.00
b = 79.410β = 90.00
c = 70.670γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CCP4data scaling
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SHARPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1998-02-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance