1R9C

Crystal Structure of Fosfomycin Resistance Protein FosX from Mesorhizobium Loti


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.83 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Mechanistic diversity of fosfomycin resistance in pathogenic microorganisms.

Fillgrove, K.L.Pakhomova, S.Newcomer, M.E.Armstrong, R.N.

(2003) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 125: 15730-15731

  • DOI: 10.1021/ja039307z

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Microbial resistance to the antibiotic fosfomycin [(1R,2S)-epoxypropylphosphonic acid, 1] is known to be mediated by thiol transferase enzymes FosA and FosB, which catalyze the addition of glutathione and l-cysteine to C1 of the oxirane, respectively ...

    Microbial resistance to the antibiotic fosfomycin [(1R,2S)-epoxypropylphosphonic acid, 1] is known to be mediated by thiol transferase enzymes FosA and FosB, which catalyze the addition of glutathione and l-cysteine to C1 of the oxirane, respectively. A probe of the microbial genome database reveals a related group of enzymes (FosX). The genes mlr3345 from Mesorhizobium loti and lmo1702 from Listeria monocytogenes were cloned and the proteins expressed. This heretofore unrecognized group of enzymes is shown to catalyze the Mn(II)-dependent addition of water to C1 of the oxirane. The ability of each enzyme to confer resistance in Escherichia coli is correlated with their catalytic efficiency, such that the M. loti protein confers low resistance while the Listeria enzyme confers very robust resistance. The crystal structure of the FosX from M. loti was solved at a resolution of 1.83 A. The structure reveals an active-site carboxylate (E44) located about 5 A from the expected position of the substrate that appears to be poised to participate in catalysis. Single turnover experiments in H218O and kinetic analysis of the E44G mutant of the FosX enzymes indicate that the carboxylate of E44 acts as a general base in the direct addition of water to 1. The FosX from M. loti also catalyzes the addition of glutathione to the antibiotic. The catalytic promiscuity and low efficiency of the M. loti protein suggest that it may be an intermediate in the evolution of clinically relevant fosfomycin resistance proteins such as the FosX from Listeria monocytogenese.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0146, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
glutathione transferase
A, B
139Mesorhizobium japonicum (strain LMG 29417 / CECT 9101 / MAFF 303099)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: fosX
Find proteins for Q98GG1 (Mesorhizobium japonicum (strain LMG 29417 / CECT 9101 / MAFF 303099))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q98GG1
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.83 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 45.034α = 90.00
b = 84.024β = 90.00
c = 66.861γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-02-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance