1R6X

The Crystal Structure of a Truncated Form of Yeast ATP Sulfurylase, Lacking the C-Terminal APS Kinase-like Domain, in complex with Sulfate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and functional analysis of a truncated form of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATP sulfurylase: C-terminal domain essential for oligomer formation but not for activity

Lalor, D.J.Schnyder, T.Saridakis, V.Pilloff, D.E.Dong, A.Tang, H.Leyh, T.S.Pai, E.F.

(2003) Protein Eng 16: 1071-1079

  • DOI: 10.1093/protein/gzg133
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1J70, 1R6X

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • ATP sulfurylase catalyzes the first step in the activation of sulfate by transferring the adenylyl-moiety (AMP approximately ) of ATP to sulfate to form adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) and pyrophosphate (PP(i)). Subsequently, APS kinase mediates tr ...

    ATP sulfurylase catalyzes the first step in the activation of sulfate by transferring the adenylyl-moiety (AMP approximately ) of ATP to sulfate to form adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) and pyrophosphate (PP(i)). Subsequently, APS kinase mediates transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group of ATP to APS to form 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) and ADP. The recently determined crystal structure of yeast ATP sulfurylase suggests that its C-terminal domain is structurally quite independent from the other domains, and not essential for catalytic activity. It seems, however, to dictate the oligomerization state of the protein. Here we show that truncation of this domain results in a monomeric enzyme with slightly enhanced catalytic efficiency. Structural alignment of the C-terminal domain indicated that it is extremely similar in its fold to APS kinase although not catalytically competent. While carrying out these structural and functional studies a surface groove was noted. Careful inspection and modeling revealed that the groove is sufficiently deep and wide, as well as properly positioned, to act as a substrate channel between the ATP sulfurylase and APS kinase-like domains of the enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ATP:sulfate adenylyltransferaseA395Saccharomyces cerevisiaeMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MET3YJR010WJ1436
EC: 2.7.7.4
Find proteins for P08536 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Explore P08536 
Go to UniProtKB:  P08536
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CO
Query on CO

Download CCD File 
A
COBALT (II) ION
Co
XLJKHNWPARRRJB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 50.186α = 90
b = 59.111β = 90
c = 131.165γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-11-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance