1R6T

crystal structure of human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures that suggest late development of genetic code components for differentiating aromatic side chains

Yang, X.-L.Otero, F.J.Skene, R.J.McRee, D.E.Schimmel, P.Ribas De Pouplana, L.

(2003) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 100: 15376-15380

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2136794100
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Early forms of the genetic code likely generated "statistical" proteins, with similar side chains occupying the same sequence positions at different ratios. In this scenario, groups of related side chains were treated by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases as ...

    Early forms of the genetic code likely generated "statistical" proteins, with similar side chains occupying the same sequence positions at different ratios. In this scenario, groups of related side chains were treated by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases as a single molecular species until a discrimination mechanism developed that could separate them. The aromatic amino acids tryptophan, tyrosine, and phenylalanine likely constituted one of these groups. A crystal structure of human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase was solved at 2.1 A with a tryptophanyl-adenylate bound at the active site. A cocrystal structure of an active fragment of human tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase with its cognate amino acid analog was also solved at 1.6 A. The two structures enabled active site identifications and provided the information for structure-based sequence alignments of approximately 45 orthologs of each enzyme. Two critical positions shared by all tyrosyl-tRNA synthetases and tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetases for amino acid discrimination were identified. The variations at these two positions and phylogenetic analyses based on the structural information suggest that, in contrast to many other amino acids, discrimination of tyrosine from tryptophan occurred late in the development of the genetic code.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Molecular Biology and Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, BCC-379, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase
A, B
477Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: WARS (IFI53, WRS)
EC: 6.1.1.2
Find proteins for P23381 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: WARS
Go to UniProtKB:  P23381
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TYM
Query on TYM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
TRYPTOPHANYL-5'AMP
C21 H24 N7 O8 P
IFQVDHDRFCKAAW-SQIXAUHQSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 152.146α = 90.00
b = 95.713β = 91.62
c = 98.506γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
SOLVEphasing
Blu-Icedata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-01-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance