1R6H

Solution Structure of human PRL-3


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 60 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Insights into Molecular Function of the Metastasis-associated Phosphatase PRL-3.

Kozlov, G.Cheng, J.Ziomek, E.Banville, D.Gehring, K.Ekiel, I.

(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 11882-11889

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M312905200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phosphatases and kinases are the cellular signal transduction enzymes that control protein phosphorylation. PRL phosphatases constitute a novel class of small (20 kDa), prenylated phosphatases with oncogenic activity. In particular, PRL-3 is consiste ...

    Phosphatases and kinases are the cellular signal transduction enzymes that control protein phosphorylation. PRL phosphatases constitute a novel class of small (20 kDa), prenylated phosphatases with oncogenic activity. In particular, PRL-3 is consistently overexpressed in liver metastasis in colorectal cancer cells and represents a new therapeutic target. Here, we present the solution structure of PRL-3, the first structure of a PRL phosphatase. The structure places PRL phosphatases in the class of dual specificity phosphatases with closest structural homology to the VHR phosphatase. The structure, coupled with kinetic studies of site-directed mutants, identifies functionally important residues and reveals unique features, differentiating PRLs from other phosphatases. These differences include an unusually hydrophobic active site without the catalytically important serine/threonine found in most other phosphatases. The position of the general acid loop indicates the presence of conformational change upon catalysis. The studies also identify a potential regulatory role of Cys(49) that forms an intramolecular disulfide bond with the catalytic Cys(104) even under mildly reducing conditions. Molecular modeling of the highly homologous PRL-1 and PRL-2 phosphatases revealed unique surface elements that are potentially important for specificity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y6, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
protein tyrosine phosphatase type IVA, member 3 isoform 1
A
172Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PTP4A3 (PRL3)
EC: 3.1.3.48
Find proteins for O75365 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PTP4A3
Go to UniProtKB:  O75365
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 60 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 1R6H Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-01-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance