1R46

Structure of human alpha-galactosidase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.301 
  • R-Value Work: 0.262 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.262 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The molecular defect leading to Fabry disease: structure of human alpha-galactosidase

Garman, S.C.Garboczi, D.N.

(2004) J Mol Biol 337: 319-335

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.01.035
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease afflicting 1 in 40,000 males with chronic pain, vascular degeneration, cardiac impairment, and other symptoms. Deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase (alpha-GAL) causes an accumul ...

    Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease afflicting 1 in 40,000 males with chronic pain, vascular degeneration, cardiac impairment, and other symptoms. Deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase (alpha-GAL) causes an accumulation of its substrate, which ultimately leads to Fabry disease symptoms. Here, we present the structure of the human alpha-GAL glycoprotein determined by X-ray crystallography. The structure is a homodimer with each monomer containing a (beta/alpha)8 domain with the active site and an antiparallel beta domain. N-linked carbohydrate appears at six sites in the glycoprotein dimer, revealing the basis for lysosomal transport via the mannose-6-phosphate receptor. To understand how the enzyme cleaves galactose from glycoproteins and glycolipids, we also determined the structure of the complex of alpha-GAL with its catalytic product. The catalytic mechanism of the enzyme is revealed by the location of two aspartic acid residues (D170 and D231), which act as a nucleophile and an acid/base, respectively. As a point mutation in alpha-GAL can lead to Fabry disease, we have catalogued and plotted the locations of 245 missense and nonsense mutations in the three-dimensional structure. The structure of human alpha-GAL brings Fabry disease into the realm of molecular diseases, where insights into the structural basis of the disease phenotypes might help guide the clinical treatment of patients.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Section, Laboratory of Immunogenetics, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Twinbrook II, 12441 Parklawn Drive, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. sgarman@niaid.nih.gov



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alpha-galactosidase A
A, B
398Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GLA
EC: 3.2.1.22
Find proteins for P06280 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P06280
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P06280
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MAN
Query on MAN

Download CCD File 
A, B
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FUC
Query on FUC

Download CCD File 
B
ALPHA-L-FUCOSE
C6 H12 O5
SHZGCJCMOBCMKK-SXUWKVJYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.301 
  • R-Value Work: 0.262 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.262 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.458α = 90
b = 88.458β = 90
c = 215.482γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-03-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance