1QZ9

The Three Dimensional Structure of Kynureninase from Pseudomonas fluorescens


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.192 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.155 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Three-Dimensional Structure of Kynureninase from Pseudomonas fluorescens.

Momany, C.Levdikov, V.Blagova, L.Lima, S.Phillips, R.S.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 1193-1203

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi035744e
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Kynureninase [E.C. 3.7.1.3] is a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of l-kynurenine to anthranilic acid and l-alanine. Sequence alignment with other PLP-dependent enzymes indicated that kynureninase is in subgroup IVa of the aminotransferases, along with nifS, CsdB, and serine-pyruvate aminotransferase, which suggests that kynureninase has an aminotransferase fold ...

    Kynureninase [E.C. 3.7.1.3] is a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of l-kynurenine to anthranilic acid and l-alanine. Sequence alignment with other PLP-dependent enzymes indicated that kynureninase is in subgroup IVa of the aminotransferases, along with nifS, CsdB, and serine-pyruvate aminotransferase, which suggests that kynureninase has an aminotransferase fold. Crystals of Pseudomonas fluorescens kynureninase were obtained, and the structure was solved by molecular replacement using the CsdB coordinates combined with multiple isomorphous heavy atom replacement. The coordinates were deposited in the PDB (ID code 1QZ9). The structure, refined to an R factor of 15.5% to 1.85 A resolution, is dimeric and has the aminotransferase fold. The structure also confirms the prediction from sequence alignment that Lys-227 is the PLP-binding residue in P. fluorescens kynureninase. The conserved Asp-201, expected for an aminotransferase fold, is located near the PLP nitrogen, but Asp-132 is also strictly conserved and at a similar distance from the pyridinium nitrogen. Mutagenesis of both conserved aspartic acids shows that both contribute equally to PLP binding, but Asp-201 has a greater role in catalysis. The structure shows that Tyr-226 donates a hydrogen bond to the phosphate of PLP. Unusual among PLP-dependent enzymes, Trp-256, which is also strictly conserved in kynureninases from bacteria to humans, donates a hydrogen bond to the phosphate through the indole N1-hydrogen.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
KYNURENINASEA416Pseudomonas fluorescensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: kynU
EC: 3.7.1.3
Find proteins for P83788 (Pseudomonas fluorescens)
Explore P83788 
Go to UniProtKB:  P83788
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
P3G
Query on P3G

Download CCD File 
A
3,6,9,12,15-PENTAOXAHEPTADECANE
C12 H26 O5
HYDWALOBQJFOMS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLP
Query on PLP

Download CCD File 
A
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.192 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.155 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 68.076α = 90
b = 68.076β = 90
c = 137.976γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-01-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Version format compliance