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Crystal structure of a phosphorylated phytase from Aspergillus fumigatus, revealing the structural basis for its heat resilience and catalytic pathway


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.161 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure of a Heat-resilient Phytase from Aspergillus fumigatus, Carrying a Phosphorylated Histidine

Xiang, T.Liu, Q.Deacon, A.M.Koshy, M.Kriksunov, I.A.Lei, X.G.Hao, Q.Thiel, D.J.

(2004) J.Mol.Biol. 339: 437-445

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.03.057

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In order to understand the structural basis for the high thermostability of phytase from Aspergillus fumigatus, its crystal structure was determined at 1.5 A resolution. The overall fold resembles the structure of other phytase enzymes. Aspergillus n ...

    In order to understand the structural basis for the high thermostability of phytase from Aspergillus fumigatus, its crystal structure was determined at 1.5 A resolution. The overall fold resembles the structure of other phytase enzymes. Aspergillus niger phytase shares 66% sequence identity, however, it is much less heat-resistant. A superimposition of these two structures reveals some significant differences. In particular, substitutions with polar residues appear to remove repulsive ion pair interactions and instead form hydrogen bond interactions, which stabilize the enzyme; the formation of a C-terminal helical capping, induced by arginine residue substitutions also appears to be critical for the enzyme's ability to refold to its active form after denaturation at high temperature. The heat-resilient property of A.fumigatus phytase could be due to the improved stability of regions that are critical for the refolding of the protein; and a heat-resistant A.niger phytase may be achieved by mutating certain critical residues with the equivalent residues in A.fumigatus phytase. Six predicted N-glycosylation sites were observed to be glycosylated from the experimental electron density. Furthermore, the enzyme's catalytic residue His59 was found to be partly phosphorylated and thus showed a reaction intermediate, providing structural insight, which may help understand the catalytic mechanism of the acid phosphatase family. The trap of this catalytic intermediate confirms the two-step catalytic mechanism of the acid histidine phosphatase family.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
phytase
A
442Neosartorya fumigata (strain ATCC MYA-4609 / Af293 / CBS 101355 / FGSC A1100)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: phyA (phyA3)
EC: 3.1.3.8
Find proteins for O00092 (Neosartorya fumigata (strain ATCC MYA-4609 / Af293 / CBS 101355 / FGSC A1100))
Go to UniProtKB:  O00092
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NEP
Query on NEP
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC6 H10 N3 O5 PHIS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.161 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 70.340α = 90.00
b = 70.340β = 90.00
c = 186.673γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-06-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance