Crystal structures of intermediates in the dehalogenation of haloalkanoates by L-2-haloacid dehalogenase.Ridder, I.S., Rozeboom, H.J., Kalk, K.H., Dijkstra, B.W.
(1999) J.Biol.Chem. 274: 30672-30678
- PubMed: 10521454
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.274.43.30672
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Three-Dimensional Structure of L-2-Haloacid Dehalogenase from Xanthobacter Autotrophicus Gj10 Complexed with the Substrate-Analogue Formate
Ridder, I.S.,Rozeboom, H.J.,Kalk, K.H.,Janssen, D.B.,Dijkstra, B.W.
(1997) J.Biol.Chem. 272: 33015
- Crystallization and Preliminary X-Ray Analysis of L-2-Haloacid Dehalogenase from Xanthobacter Autotrophicus Gj10
Ridder, I.S.,Rozeboom, H.J.,Kingma, J.,Janssen, D.B.,Dijkstra, B.W.
(1995) Protein Sci. 4: 2619
The L-2-haloacid dehalogenase from the 1,2-dichloroethane-degrading bacterium Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10 catalyzes the hydrolytic dehalogenation of small L-2-haloalkanoates to their corresponding D-2-hydroxyalkanoates, with inversion of the conf ...
The L-2-haloacid dehalogenase from the 1,2-dichloroethane-degrading bacterium Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10 catalyzes the hydrolytic dehalogenation of small L-2-haloalkanoates to their corresponding D-2-hydroxyalkanoates, with inversion of the configuration at the C(2) atom. The structure of the apoenzyme at pH 8 was refined at 1.5-A resolution. By lowering the pH, the catalytic activity of the enzyme was considerably reduced, allowing the crystal structure determination of the complexes with L-2-monochloropropionate and monochloroacetate at 1.7 and 2.1 A resolution, respectively. Both complexes showed unambiguous electron density extending from the nucleophile Asp(8) to the C(2) atom of the dechlorinated substrates corresponding to a covalent enzyme-ester reaction intermediate. The halide ion that is cleaved off is found in line with the Asp(8) Odelta1-C(2) bond in a halide-stabilizing cradle made up of Arg(39), Asn(115), and Phe(175). In both complexes, the Asp(8) Odelta2 carbonyl oxygen atom interacts with Thr(12), Ser(171), and Asn(173), which possibly constitute the oxyanion hole in the hydrolysis of the ester bond. The carboxyl moiety of the substrate is held in position by interactions with Ser(114), Lys(147), and main chain NH groups. The L-2-monochloropropionate CH(3) group is located in a small pocket formed by side chain atoms of Lys(147), Asn(173), Phe(175), and Asp(176). The size and position of the pocket explain the stereospecificity and the limited substrate specificity of the enzyme. These crystallographic results demonstrate that the reaction of the enzyme proceeds via the formation of a covalent enzyme-ester intermediate at the nucleophile Asp(8).
Laboratory of Biophysical Chemistry, BIOSON Research Institute, Department of Chemistry, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands.