Solution Structure and Backbone Dynamics of the Second Pdz Domain of Postsynaptic Density-95Tochio, H., Hung, F., Li, M., Bredt, D.S., Zhang, M.
(2000) J.Mol.Biol. 295: 225
- PubMed: 10623522
- DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1999.3350
- Also Cited By: 2XKX
- PubMed Abstract:
The second PDZ domain of postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95 PDZ2) plays a critical role in coupling N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors to neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). In this work, the solution structure of PSD-95 PDZ2 was determined to high resol ...
The second PDZ domain of postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95 PDZ2) plays a critical role in coupling N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors to neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). In this work, the solution structure of PSD-95 PDZ2 was determined to high resolution by NMR spectroscopy. The structure of PSD-95 PDZ2 was compared in detail with that of alpha1-syntrophin PDZ domain, as the PDZ domains share similar target interaction properties. The interaction of the PSD-95 PDZ2 with a carboxyl-terminal peptide derived from a cytoplasmic protein CAPON was studied by NMR titration experiments. Complex formation between PSD-95 PDZ2 and the nNOS PDZ was modelled on the basis of the crystal structure of the alpha1-syntrophin PDZ/nNOS PDZ dimer. We found that the prolonged loop connecting the betaB and betaC strands of PSD-95 PDZ2 is likely to play a role in both the binding of the carboxyl-terminal peptide and the nNOS beta-finger. Finally, the backbone dynamics of the PSD-95 PDZ2 in the absence of bound peptide were studied using a model-free approach. The "GLGF"-loop and the loop connecting alphaB and betaF of the protein display some degree of flexibility in solution. The rest of the protein is rigid and lacks detectable slow time-scale (microseconds to milliseconds) motions. In particular, the loop connecting betaB and betaC loop adopts a well-defined, rigid structure in solution. It appears that the loop adopts a pre-aligned conformation for the PDZ domain to interact with its targets.
Department of Biochemistry, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, Kowloon, P. R. China.