1QJE

Isopenicillin N synthase from Aspergillus nidulans (IP1 - Fe complex)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.187 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Reaction Cycle of Isopenicillin N Synthase Observed by X-Ray Diffraction

Burzlaff, N.I.Rutledge, P.J.Clifton, I.J.Hensgens, C.M.H.Pickford, M.Adlington, R.M.Roach, P.L.Baldwin, J.E.

(1999) Nature 401: 721

  • DOI: 10.1038/44400
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 1HB4, 1HB3, 1HB2, 1HB1, 2JB4, 2IVJ, 2IVI, 1ODN, 1ODM

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS), a non-haem iron-dependent oxidase, catalyses the biosynthesis of isopenicillin N (IPN), the precursor of all penicillins and cephalosporins. The key steps in this reaction are the two iron-dioxygen-mediated ring closu ...

    Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS), a non-haem iron-dependent oxidase, catalyses the biosynthesis of isopenicillin N (IPN), the precursor of all penicillins and cephalosporins. The key steps in this reaction are the two iron-dioxygen-mediated ring closures of the tripeptide delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV). It has been proposed that the four-membered beta-lactam ring forms initially, associated with a highly oxidized iron(iv)-oxo (ferryl) moiety, which subsequently mediates closure of the five-membered thiazolidine ring. Here we describe observation of the IPNS reaction in crystals by X-ray crystallography. IPNS Fe2+ substrate crystals were grown anaerobically, exposed to high pressures of oxygen to promote reaction and frozen, and their structures were elucidated by X-ray diffraction. Using the natural substrate ACV, this resulted in the IPNS x Fe2+ x IPN product complex. With the substrate analogue, delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-L-S-methylcysteine (ACmC) in the crystal, the reaction cycle was interrupted at the monocyclic stage. These mono- and bicyclic structures support our hypothesis of a two-stage reaction sequence leading to penicillin. Furthermore, the formation of a monocyclic sulphoxide product from ACmC is most simply explained by the interception of a high-valency iron-oxo species.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of Isopenicillin N Synthase Complexed with Substrate and the Mechanism of Penicillin Formation
      Roach, P.L.,Clifton, I.J.,Hensgens, C.M.,Shibata, N.,Schofield, C.J.,Hajdu, J.,Baldwin, J.E.
      (1997) Nature 387: 827
    • Crystal Structure of Isopenicillin N Synthase is the First from a New Structural Family of Enzymes
      Roach, P.L.,Clifton, I.J.,Fulop, V.,Harlos, K.,Barton, G.J.,Hajdu, J.,Andersson, I.,Schofield, C.J.,Baldwin, J.E.
      (1995) Nature 375: 700
    • Crystallization and Preliminary X-Ray Diffraction Studies on Recombinant Isopenicillin N Synthase from Aspergillus Nidulans
      Roach, P.L.,Schofield, C.J.,Baldwin, J.E.,Clifton, I.J.,Hajdu, J.
      (1995) Protein Sci. 4: 1007


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Dyson Perrins Laboratory and the Oxford Centre for Molecular Sciences, University of Oxford, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ISOPENICILLIN N SYNTHASE
A
331Emericella nidulans (strain FGSC A4 / ATCC 38163 / CBS 112.46 / NRRL 194 / M139)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ipnA (ips)
EC: 1.21.3.1
Find proteins for P05326 (Emericella nidulans (strain FGSC A4 / ATCC 38163 / CBS 112.46 / NRRL 194 / M139))
Go to UniProtKB:  P05326
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
IP1
Query on IP1

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ISOPENICILLIN N
C14 H21 N3 O6 S
MIFYHUACUWQUKT-GTQWGBSQSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACV
Query on ACV

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
L-D-(A-AMINOADIPOYL)-L-CYSTEINYL-D-VALINE
C14 H25 N3 O6 S
BYEIJZFKOAXBBV-ATZCPNFKSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FE2
Query on FE2

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FE (II) ION
Fe
CWYNVVGOOAEACU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.187 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 46.670α = 90.00
b = 71.910β = 90.00
c = 101.730γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXL-97refinement
DENZOdata reduction
SHELXLphasing
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-06-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance