Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Three-dimensional structures of the amyloid beta peptide (25-35) in membrane-mimicking environment.

Kohno, T.Kobayashi, K.Maeda, T.Sato, K.Takashima, A.

(1996) Biochemistry 35: 16094-16104

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi961598j
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The three-dimensional structure of amyloid beta peptide (25-35), which has neurotoxic activity, in lithium dodecyl sulfate micelles was determined by two-dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy with simulated annealing calculations. A total of 20 converged amyloid beta peptide structures were obtained on the basis of 110 experimental constraints, including 106 distance constraints reduced from the nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) connectivities and four torsion angle (phi) constraints. The atomic root mean square difference about averaged coordinates is 1.04 +/- 0.25 A for the backbone atoms (N, C alpha, C) and 1.39 +/- 0.27 A for all heavy atoms of the entire peptide. The molecular structure of amyloid beta peptide in membrane-mimicking environment is composed of a short alpha helix in the C terminal position. The three residues from the N-terminus are disordered, but the remaining eight C-terminal residues are well-ordered, which is supported by the RMSD values of the C-terminal region, Lys28-Leu34. In this region, the RMS differences from averaged coordinates are 0.26 +/- 0.11 A for the backbone atoms (N, C alpha, C) and 0.77 +/- 0.21 A for all heavy atoms, which is very low compared with those for the entire peptide. The four amino acid residues from the N-terminus are hydrophilic and the other seven amino acid residues in C-terminus are hydrophobic. So, our results show that the C-terminal region of amyloid beta peptide (25-35) is buried in the membrane and assumes alpha-helical structure, whereas the N-terminal region is exposed to the solvent with a flexible structure. This structure is very similar to membrane-mediated structure of substance P previously reported. The three-dimensional structure of a non-neurotoxic mutant of amyloid beta peptide (25-35), where Asn27 is replaced by Ala, in lithium dodecyl sulfate micelles was also determined. The structure is similar to that of the wild type amyloid beta peptide (25-35) in the C-terminal region, but the N-terminal flexible region is different. The structural comparison of amyloid beta peptide (25-35), its non-neurotoxic mutant and substance P gives a structural basis to understand the mechanism of neurotoxicity caused by amyloid beta peptide.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Mitsubishi Kasei Institute of Life Sciences, Tokyo, Japan. tkohno@libra.ls.m-kagaku.co.jp


Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AMYLOID BETA PEPTIDE11Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APPA4AD1
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P05067 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P05067 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05067
PHAROS:  P05067
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UniProt GroupP05067
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1997-07-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2022-03-02
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations, Other