The structure of the polo box domain of human Plk1

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.288 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 

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The crystal structure of the human polo-like kinase-1 polo box domain and its phospho-peptide complex.

Cheng, K.Y.Lowe, E.D.Sinclair, J.Nigg, E.A.Johnson, L.N.

(2003) EMBO J 22: 5757-5768

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/emboj/cdg558
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1Q4K, 1Q4O

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Human polo-like kinase Plk1 localizes to the centrosomes, kinetochores and central spindle structures during mitosis. It plays an essential role in promoting mitosis and cytokinesis through phosphorylation of a number of different substrates. Kinase activity is regulated by a conserved C-terminal domain, termed the polo box domain (PBD), which acts both as an autoinhibitory domain and as a subcellular localization domain. We have determined the crystal structure of Plk1 PBD (residues 367-603) to 2.2 A resolution and the structure of a phospho-peptide-PBD (residues 345-603) complex to 2.3 A resolution. The two polo boxes of the PBD exhibit identical folds based on a six-stranded beta-sheet and an alpha-helix, despite only 12% sequence identity. The phospho-peptide binds at a site between the two polo boxes. It makes a short antiparallel beta-sheet connection and critical contacts to residues Trp414, Leu490, His538 and Lys540. Most of these residues had been shown to be important for biological activity through mutational studies. The results provide an explanation for phospho-peptide recognition and create the basis for new functional studies.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, UK.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine-protein kinase PLK
A, B
237Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.1 (PDB Primary Data), (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P53350 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P53350 
Go to UniProtKB:  P53350
PHAROS:  P53350
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP53350
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.288 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 32.741α = 103.16
b = 42.021β = 93.88
c = 80.727γ = 91.32
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-11-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance