1Q29

Hammerhead Ribozyme with 5'-5' G-G linkage: Conformational change experiment


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A helical twist-induced conformational switch activates cleavage in the hammerhead ribozyme.

Dunham, C.M.Murray, J.B.Scott, W.G.

(2003) J.Mol.Biol. 332: 327-336

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1NYI

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We have captured the structure of a pre-catalytic conformational intermediate of the hammerhead ribozyme using a phosphodiester tether formed between I and Stem II. This phosphodiester tether appears to mimic interactions in the wild-type hammerhead ...

    We have captured the structure of a pre-catalytic conformational intermediate of the hammerhead ribozyme using a phosphodiester tether formed between I and Stem II. This phosphodiester tether appears to mimic interactions in the wild-type hammerhead RNA that enable switching between nuclease and ligase activities, both of which are required in the replicative cycles of the satellite RNA viruses from which the hammerhead ribozyme is derived. The structure of this conformational intermediate reveals how the attacking nucleophile is positioned prior to cleavage, and demonstrates how restricting the ability of Stem I to rotate about its helical axis, via interactions with Stem II, can inhibit cleavage. Analogous covalent crosslinking experiments have demonstrated that imposing such restrictions on interhelical movement can change the hammerhead ribozyme from a nuclease to a ligase. Taken together, these results permit us to suggest that switching between ligase and nuclease activity is determined by the helical orientation of Stem I relative to Stem II.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-R(*GP*GP*UP*GP*GP*UP*CP*UP*GP*AP*UP*GP*AP*GP*GP*CP*C)-3'A17N/A
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RibozymeB24N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CO
Query on CO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
COBALT (II) ION
Co
XLJKHNWPARRRJB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 66.689α = 90.00
b = 66.689β = 90.00
c = 140.528γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-02-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance