1Q24

PKA double mutant model of PKB in complex with MgATP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Mutants of protein kinase A that mimic the ATP-binding site of protein kinase B (AKT)

Gassel, M.Breitenlechner, C.B.Rueger, P.Jucknischke, U.Schneider, T.Huber, R.Bossemeyer, D.Engh, R.A.

(2003) J.Mol.Biol. 329: 1021-1034

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The mutation of well behaved enzymes in order to simulate less manageable cognates is the obvious approach to study specific features of the recalcitrant target. Accordingly, the prototypical protein kinase PKA serves as a model for many kinases, inc ...

    The mutation of well behaved enzymes in order to simulate less manageable cognates is the obvious approach to study specific features of the recalcitrant target. Accordingly, the prototypical protein kinase PKA serves as a model for many kinases, including the closely related PKB, an AGC family protein kinase now implicated as oncogenic in several cancers. Two residues that differ between the alpha isoforms of PKA and PKB at the adenine-binding site generate differing shapes of the binding surface and are likely to play a role in ligand selectivity. As the corresponding mutations in PKA, V123A would enlarge the adenine pocket, while L173M would alter both the shape and its electronic character of the adenine-binding surface. We have determined the structures of the corresponding double mutant (PKAB2: PKAalpha V123A, L173M) in apo and MgATP-bound states, and observed structural alterations of a residue not previously involved in ATP-binding interactions: the side-chain of Q181, which in native PKA points away from the ATP-binding site, adopts in apo double mutant protein a new rotamer conformation, which places the polar groups at the hinge region in the ATP pocket. MgATP binding forces Q181 back to the position seen in native PKA. The crystal structure shows that ATP binding geometry is identical with that in native PKA but in this case was determined under conditions with only a single Mg ion ligand. Surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy studies show that significant energy is required for this ligand-induced transition. An additional PKA/PKB mutation, Q181K, corrects the defect, as shown both by the crystal structure of triple mutant PKAB3 (PKAalpha V123A, L173M, Q181K) and by surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy binding studies with ATP and three isoquinoline inhibitors. Thus, the triple mutant serves well as an easily crystallizable model for PKB inhibitor interactions. Further, the phenomenon of Q181 shows how crystallographic analysis should accompany mutant studies to monitor possible spurious structural effects.


    Related Citations: 
    • Phosphotransferase and substrate binding mechanism of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit from porcine heart as deduced from the 2.0 A structure of the complex with Mn2+ adenylyl imidodiphosphate and inhibitor peptide PKI(5-24)
      Bossemeyer, D.,Engh, R.A.,Kinzel, V.,Ponstingl, H.,Huber, R.
      (1993) Embo J. 12: 849


    Organizational Affiliation

    German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Division of Pathochemistry, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase, alpha-catalytic subunit
A
350Bos taurusMutations: L173M, V123A
Gene Names: PRKACA
EC: 2.7.11.11
Find proteins for P00517 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: PRKACA
Go to UniProtKB:  P00517
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase Inhibitor, alpha form
I
20Sus scrofaGene Names: PKIA
Find proteins for Q71U53 (Sus scrofa)
Go to Gene View: PKIA
Go to UniProtKB:  Q71U53
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
TPO
Query on TPO
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H10 N O6 PTHR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 73.286α = 90.00
b = 75.387β = 90.00
c = 80.377γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SAINTdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
SAINTdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-08-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance