1PY1

Complex of GGA1-VHS domain and beta-secretase C-terminal phosphopeptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.288 
  • R-Value Work: 0.236 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Biochemical and structural characterization of the interaction of memapsin 2 (beta-secretase) cytosolic domain with the VHS domain of GGA proteins.

He, X.Zhu, G.Koelsch, G.Rodgers, K.Zhang, X.C.Tang, J.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 12174-12180

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi035199h

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Memapsin 2 (beta-secretase) is a membrane-associated aspartic protease that initiates the hydrolysis of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) leading to the production of amyloid-beta and the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Both memapsin 2 and APP ...

    Memapsin 2 (beta-secretase) is a membrane-associated aspartic protease that initiates the hydrolysis of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) leading to the production of amyloid-beta and the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Both memapsin 2 and APP are transported from the cell surface to endosomes where APP hydrolysis takes place. Thus, the intracellular transport mechanism of memapsin 2 is important for understanding the pathogenesis of AD. We have previously shown that the cytosolic domain of memapsin 2 contains an acid-cluster-dileucine (ACDL) motif that binds the VHS domain of GGA proteins (He et al. (2002) FEBS Lett. 524, 183-187). This mechanism is the presumed recognition step for the vesicular packaging of memapsin 2 for its transport to endosomes. The phosphorylation of a serine residue within the ACDL motif has been reported to regulate the recycling of memapsin 2 from early endosomes back to the cell surface. Here, we report a study on the memapsin 2/VHS domain interaction. Using isothermal titration calorimetry, the dissociation constant, K(d), values are 4.0 x 10(-4), 4.1 x 10(-4), and 3.1 x 10(-4) M for VHS domains from GGA1, GGA2, and GGA3, respectively. With the serine residue replaced by phosphoserine, the K(d) decreased about 10-, 4-, and 14-fold for the same three VHS domains. A crystal structure of the complex between memapsin 2 phosphoserine peptide and GGA1 VHS was solved at 2.6 A resolution. The side chain of the phosphoserine group does not interact with the VHS domain but forms an ionic interaction with the side chain of the C-terminal lysine of the ligand peptide. Energy calculation of the binding of native and phosphorylated peptides to VHS domains suggests that this intrapeptide ionic bond in solution may reduce the change in binding entropy and thus increase binding affinity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Protein Studies Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, 825 Northeast 13th Street, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ADP-ribosylation factor binding protein GGA1
A, B, C, D
158Homo sapiensGene Names: GGA1
Find proteins for Q9UJY5 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GGA1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UJY5
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-secretase
E, F, G, H
8Homo sapiensGene Names: BACE1 (BACE, KIAA1149)
EC: 3.4.23.46
Find proteins for P56817 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: BACE1
Go to UniProtKB:  P56817
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
E, F, G, H
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.288 
  • R-Value Work: 0.236 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 70.140α = 90.00
b = 95.420β = 90.00
c = 107.970γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2003-07-07 
  • Released Date: 2003-11-04 
  • Deposition Author(s): Zhu, G., Zhang, X.C.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-11-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance