1PWJ

Structure of the Monomeric 8-kDa Dynein Light Chain and Mechanism of Domain Swapped Dimer Assembly


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of the Monomeric 8-kDa Dynein Light Chain and Mechanism of the Domain-swapped Dimer Assembly

Wang, W.Lo, K.W.-H.Kan, H.-M.Fan, J.-S.Zhang, M.

(2003) J.Biol.Chem. 278: 41491-41499

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M307118200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1PWK

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The 8-kDa light chain of dynein (DLC8) is ubiquitously expressed in various cell types. Other than serving as a light chain of the dynein complexes, this highly conserved protein has been shown to bind a larger number of proteins with diverse biologi ...

    The 8-kDa light chain of dynein (DLC8) is ubiquitously expressed in various cell types. Other than serving as a light chain of the dynein complexes, this highly conserved protein has been shown to bind a larger number of proteins with diverse biological functions. DLC8 forms a homodimer via three-dimensional domain swapping of an internal beta-strand (the beta2-strand) at neutral pH. The protein undergoes non-reversible dimer-to-monomer dissociation when the pH value of the protein solution decreases. The three-dimensional structure of the DLC8 monomer determined by NMR spectroscopy at pH 3.0 showed that the protein is well folded. The major conformational change accompanied by dimer dissociation is in the beta2-strand of the protein, which undergoes transition from a beta-strand to a nascent alpha-helix. The monomer form of DLC8 is not capable of binding to target proteins. Insertion of two flexible amino acid residues in the tight beta1/beta2-loop dramatically stabilized the monomer conformation of the protein. NMR studies showed that the mutation altered the conformation as well as the three-dimensional domain swapping-mediated assembly of the DLC8 dimer. The mutant DLC8 was unable to bind to its targets even at physiological pH. The three-dimensional structure of the mutant protein in its monomeric form provides the structural basis of the mutation-induced stabilization of the monomer conformation. Based on the experimental data, we conclude that the formation of the beta2-strand swapping-mediated dimer is mandatory for the structure and function of DLC8. We further note that the DLC8 dimer represents a novel mode of three-dimensional domain swapping.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Neuroscience Center, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
dynein light chain-2
A
89Rattus norvegicusGene Names: Dynll2 (Dlc2)
Find proteins for Q78P75 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q78P75
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 1PWJ Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-10-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance