1PTZ

Crystal structure of the human CU, Zn Superoxide Dismutase, Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (FALS) Mutant H43R


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

ALS Mutants of Human Superoxide Dismutase Form Fibrous Aggregates Via Framework Destabilization

DiDonato, M.Craig, L.Huff, M.E.Thayer, M.M.Cardoso, R.M.F.Kassmann, C.J.Lo, T.P.Bruns, C.K.Powers, E.T.Kelly, J.W.Getzoff, E.D.Tainer, J.A.

(2003) J Mol Biol 332: 601-615

  • DOI: 10.1016/s0022-2836(03)00889-1
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1PTZ, 1PU0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Many point mutations in human Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), a fatal neurodegenerative disorder in heterozygotes. Here we show that these mutations cluster in protein regions influencing architectural integrity ...

    Many point mutations in human Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), a fatal neurodegenerative disorder in heterozygotes. Here we show that these mutations cluster in protein regions influencing architectural integrity. Furthermore, crystal structures of SOD wild-type and FALS mutant H43R proteins uncover resulting local framework defects. Characterizations of beta-barrel (H43R) and dimer interface (A4V) FALS mutants reveal reduced stability and drastically increased aggregation propensity. Moreover, electron and atomic force microscopy indicate that these defects promote the formation of filamentous aggregates. The filaments resemble those seen in neurons of FALS patients and bind both Congo red and thioflavin T, suggesting the presence of amyloid-like, stacked beta-sheet interactions. These results support free-cysteine-independent aggregation of FALS mutant SOD as an integral part of FALS pathology. They furthermore provide a molecular basis for the single FALS disease phenotype resulting from mutations of diverse side-chains throughout the protein: many FALS mutations reduce structural integrity, lowering the energy barrier for fibrous aggregation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Maildrop MB4, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]A, B153Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: SOD1
EC: 1.15.1.1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P00441 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00441 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00441
PHAROS:  P00441
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], G [auth B]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CU1
Query on CU1

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], F [auth B]COPPER (I) ION
Cu
VMQMZMRVKUZKQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.186 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 111.199α = 90
b = 47.525β = 97.99
c = 56.041γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-09-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance