1PTW

The Crystal Structure of AMP-Bound PDE4 Suggests a Mechanism for Phosphodiesterase Catalysis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.274 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The crystal structure of AMP-bound PDE4 suggests a mechanism for phosphodiesterase catalysis

Huai, Q.Colicelli, J.Ke, H.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 13220-13226

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi034653e
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1PTW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) regulate the intracellular concentrations of cyclic 3',5'-adenosine and guanosine monophosphates (cAMP and cGMP, respectively) by hydrolyzing them to AMP and GMP, respectively. Family-selective inhibitors of PDEs have been studied for treatment of various human diseases ...

    Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) regulate the intracellular concentrations of cyclic 3',5'-adenosine and guanosine monophosphates (cAMP and cGMP, respectively) by hydrolyzing them to AMP and GMP, respectively. Family-selective inhibitors of PDEs have been studied for treatment of various human diseases. However, the catalytic mechanism of cyclic nucleotide hydrolysis by PDEs has remained unclear. We determined the crystal structure of the human PDE4D2 catalytic domain in complex with AMP at 2.4 A resolution. In this structure, two divalent metal ions simultaneously interact with the phosphate group of AMP, implying a binuclear catalysis. In addition, the structure suggested that a hydroxide ion or a water bridging two metal ions may serve as the nucleophile for the hydrolysis of the cAMP phosphodiester bond.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7260, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase PDE4D2A, B, C, D360Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PDE4D2PDE4DDPDE3
EC: 3.1.4.17 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.4.53 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q08499 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q08499 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q08499
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q08499
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.274 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 99.207α = 90
b = 111.229β = 90
c = 159.65γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-11-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance