1PQ3

Human Arginase II: Crystal Structure and Physiological Role in Male and Female Sexual Arousal


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Human Arginase II: Crystal Structure and Physiological Role in Male and Female Sexual Arousal

Cama, E.Colleluori, D.M.Emig, F.A.Shin, H.Kim, S.W.Kim, N.N.Traish, A.M.Ash, D.E.Christianson, D.W.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 8445-8451

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi034340j
  • Also Cited By: 2AEB, 1WVA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Arginase is a binuclear manganese metalloenzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of l-arginine to form l-ornithine and urea. The X-ray crystal structure of a fully active, truncated form of human arginase II complexed with a boronic acid transition stat ...

    Arginase is a binuclear manganese metalloenzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of l-arginine to form l-ornithine and urea. The X-ray crystal structure of a fully active, truncated form of human arginase II complexed with a boronic acid transition state analogue inhibitor has been determined at 2.7 A resolution. This structure is consistent with the hydrolysis of l-arginine through a metal-activated hydroxide mechanism. Given that human arginase II appears to play a role in regulating l-arginine bioavailability to NO synthase in human penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscle, the inhibition of human arginase II is a potential new strategy for the treatment of erectile dysfunction [Kim, N. N., Cox, J. D., Baggio, R. F., Emig, F. A., Mistry, S., Harper, S. L., Speicher, D. W., Morris, S. M., Ash, D. E., Traish, A. M., and Christianson, D. W. (2001) Biochemistry 40, 2678-2688]. Since NO synthase is found in human clitoral corpus cavernosum and vagina, we hypothesized that human arginase II is similarly present in these tissues and functions to regulate l-arginine bioavailability to NO synthase. Accordingly, hemodynamic studies conducted with a boronic acid arginase inhibitor in vivo are summarized, suggesting that the extrahepatic arginase plays a role in both male and female sexual arousal. Therefore, arginase II is a potential target for the treatment of male and female sexual arousal disorders.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6323, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Arginase II, mitochondrial precursor
A, B, C, D, E, F
306Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ARG2
EC: 3.5.3.1
Find proteins for P78540 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ARG2
Go to UniProtKB:  P78540
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, F
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, D, E, F
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
S2C
Query on S2C

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
S-2-(BORONOETHYL)-L-CYSTEINE
C5 H13 B N O5 S
XLVRIIJULVQAMP-BYPYZUCNSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
S2CKi: 30 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • Space Group: P 32
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 142.994α = 90.00
b = 142.994β = 90.00
c = 127.328γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-08-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance