1PFG

Strategy to design inhibitors: Structure of a complex of Proteinase K with a designed octapeptide inhibitor N-Ac-Pro-Ala-Pro-Phe-DAla-Ala-Ala-Ala-NH2 at 2.5A resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Strategy to design peptide inhibitors: structure of a complex of proteinase K with a designed octapeptide inhibitor N-Ac-Pro-Ala-Pro-Phe-DAla-Ala-Ala-Ala-NH2 at 2.5 A resolution.

Saxena, A.K.Singh, T.P.Peters, K.Fittkau, S.Betzel, C.

(1996) Protein Sci 5: 2453-2458

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.5560051207
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1PFG

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of a complex formed by the interaction between proteinase K and a designed octapeptide amide, N-Ac-Pro-Ala-Pro-Phe-DAla-Ala-Ala-Ala-NH2, has been determined at 2.5 A resolution and refined to an R-factor of 16.7% for 7,430 reflections in the resolution range of 8 ...

    The crystal structure of a complex formed by the interaction between proteinase K and a designed octapeptide amide, N-Ac-Pro-Ala-Pro-Phe-DAla-Ala-Ala-Ala-NH2, has been determined at 2.5 A resolution and refined to an R-factor of 16.7% for 7,430 reflections in the resolution range of 8.0-2.50 A. The inhibitor forms a stable complex through a series of hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions with the protein atoms and water molecules. The inhibitor is hydrolyzed between Phe4I and DAla5I (I indicates the inhibitor). The two fragments are separated by a distance of 3.2 A between the carbonyl carbon of Phe4I and the main-chain nitrogen of DAla5I. The N-terminal tetrapeptide occupies subsites S1-S5 (S5 for acetyl group), whereas the C-terminal part fits into S1'-S5' region (S5' for amide group). It is the first time that such an extended electron density for a designed synthetic peptide inhibitor has been observed in the prime region of an enzyme of the subtilisin family. In fact, the inhibitor fills the recognition site completely. There is only a slight rearrangement of the protein residues to accommodate the inhibitor. Superposition of the present octapeptide inhibitor on the hexapeptide inhibitor studied previously shows an overall homology of the two inhibitors, although the individual atoms are displaced significantly. It suggests the existence of a recognition site with flexible dimensions. Kinetic studies indicate an inhibition rate of 100% by this specifically designed peptide inhibitor.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Proteinase KA279Parengyodontium albumMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PROK
EC: 3.4.21.64
UniProt
Find proteins for P06873 (Parengyodontium album)
Explore P06873 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06873
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
N-Ac-PAPFAAAA-NH2B10N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 68α = 90
b = 68β = 90
c = 107.7γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
TRUNCATEdata reduction
AMoREphasing
PROLSQrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-06-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-11-06
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations