1P4X

Crystal structure of SarS protein from Staphylococcus Aureus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.285 
  • R-Value Work: 0.240 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of the SarS protein from Staphylococcus aureus

Li, R.Manna, A.C.Dai, S.Cheung, A.L.Zhang, G.

(2003) J.BACTERIOL. 185: 4219-4225


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The expression of virulence determinants in Staphylococcus aureus is controlled by global regulatory loci (e.g., sarA and agr). One of these determinants, protein A (spa), is activated by sarS, which encodes a 250-residue DNA-binding protein. Genetic ...

    The expression of virulence determinants in Staphylococcus aureus is controlled by global regulatory loci (e.g., sarA and agr). One of these determinants, protein A (spa), is activated by sarS, which encodes a 250-residue DNA-binding protein. Genetic analysis indicated that the agr locus likely mediates spa repression by suppressing the transcription of sarS. Contrary to SarA and SarR, which require homodimer formation for proper function, SarS is unusual within the SarA protein family in that it contains two homologous halves, with each half sharing sequence similarity to SarA and SarR. Here we report the 2.2 A resolution X-ray crystal structure of the SarS protein. SarS has folds similar to those of SarR and, quite plausibly, the native SarA structure. Two typical winged-helix DNA-binding domains are connected by a well-ordered loop. The interactions between the two domains are extensive and conserved. The putative DNA-binding surface is highly positively charged. In contrast, negatively charged patches are located opposite to the DNA-binding surface. Furthermore, sequence alignment and structural comparison revealed that MarR has folds similar to those of SarR and SarS. Members of the MarR protein family have previously been implicated in the negative regulation of an efflux pump involved in multiple antibiotic resistance in many gram-negative species. We propose that MarR also belongs to the winged-helix protein family and has a similar mode of DNA binding as SarR and SarS and possibly the entire SarA protein family member. Based on the structural differences of SarR, SarS, and MarR, we further classified these winged-helix proteins to three subfamilies, SarA, SarS, and MarR. Finally, a possible transcription regulation mechanism is proposed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Integrated Department of Immunology, National Jewish Medical and Research Center, and Department of Pharmacology, Biomolecular Structure Program, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Denver, Colorado 80206, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
staphylococcal accessory regulator A homologue
A
250Staphylococcus aureus (strain NCTC 8325)Gene Names: sarS (sarH1)
Find proteins for Q2G1N7 (Staphylococcus aureus (strain NCTC 8325))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q2G1N7
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.285 
  • R-Value Work: 0.240 
  • Space Group: P 65 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 84.887α = 90.00
b = 84.887β = 90.00
c = 195.743γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-07-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-01-31
    Type: Experimental preparation