1OWD

Substituted 2-Naphthamidine inhibitors of urokinase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.32 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.313 
  • R-Value Work: 0.269 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Identification of Novel Binding Interactions in the Development of Potent, Selective 2-Naphthamidine Inhibitors of Urokinase. Synthesis, Structural Analysis, and SAR of N-Phenyl Amide 6-Substitution.

Wendt, M.D.Rockway, T.W.Geyer, A.McClellan, W.Weitzberg, M.Zhao, X.Mantei, R.Nienaber, V.L.Stewart, K.Klinghofer, V.Giranda, V.L.

(2004) J.Med.Chem. 47: 303-324

  • DOI: 10.1021/jm0300072
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The preparation and assessment of biological activity of 6-substituted 2-naphthamidine inhibitors of the serine protease urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA, or urokinase) is described. 2-Naphthamidine was chosen as a starting point based on synthet ...

    The preparation and assessment of biological activity of 6-substituted 2-naphthamidine inhibitors of the serine protease urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA, or urokinase) is described. 2-Naphthamidine was chosen as a starting point based on synthetic considerations and on modeling of substituent vectors. Phenyl amides at the 6-position were found to improve binding; replacement of the amide with other two-atom linkers proved ineffective. The phenyl group itself is situated near the S1' subsite; substitutions off of the phenyl group accessed S1' and other distant binding regions. Three new points of interaction were defined and explored through ring substitution. A solvent-exposed salt bridge with the Asp60A carboxylate was formed using a 4-alkylamino group, improving affinity to K(i) = 40 nM. Inhibitors also accessed two hydrophobic regions. One interaction is characterized by a tight hydrophobic fit made with a small dimple largely defined by His57 and His99; a weaker, less specific interaction involves alkyl groups reaching into the broad prime-side protein binding region near Val41 and the Cys42-Cys58 disulfide, displacing water molecules and leading to small gains in activity. Many inhibitors accessed two of these three regions. Affinities range as low as K(i) = 6 nM, and many compounds had K(i) < 100 nM, while moderate to excellent selectivity was gained versus four of five members of a panel of relevant serine proteases. Also, some selectivity against trypsin was generated via the interaction with Asp60A. X-ray structures of many of these compounds were used to inform our inhibitor design and to increase our understanding of key interactions. In combination with our exploration of 8-substitution patterns, we have identified a number of novel binding interactions for uPA inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Cancer Research and Structural Biology, Global Pharmaceutical R & D, Abbott Laboratories, 100 Abbott Park Road, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064-6101, USA. mike.d.wendt@abbott.com




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator
A
245Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PLAU
EC: 3.4.21.73
Find proteins for P00749 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PLAU
Go to UniProtKB:  P00749
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
497
Query on 497

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
6-[AMINO(IMINO)METHYL]-N-[(4R)-4-ETHYL-1,2,3,4-TETRAHYDROISOQUINOLIN-6-YL]-2-NAPHTHAMIDE
6-[N-(4-ETHYL-1,2,3,4-TETRAHYDRO-6-ISOQUINOLINYL)CARBAMYL]-2-NAPHTHALENECARBOXAMIDINE
C23 H24 N4 O
LVNMYQLXKMSQTG-AWEZNQCLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
497Ki: 6.3 nM (99) BINDINGDB
497IC50: ~6.3 nM BINDINGMOAD
497Ki: 6.3 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.32 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.313 
  • R-Value Work: 0.269 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 55.160α = 90.00
b = 53.000β = 90.00
c = 82.300γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CCP4data scaling
X-PLORphasing
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-09-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description