Crystal Structures and Amidolytic Activities of Two Glycosylated Snake Venom Serine ProteinasesZhu, Z., Liang, Z., Zhang, T., Zhu, Z., Xu, W., Teng, M., Niu, L.
(2005) J.BIOL.CHEM. 280: 10524-10529
- PubMed: 15632114
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M412900200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Purification, N-terminal sequencing, partial characterization, crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of two glycosylated serine proteinases from Agkistrodon acutus venom
Zhu, Z.,Gong, P.,Teng, M.,Niu, L.
(2003) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 59: 547
We deduced that Agkistrodon actus venom serine proteinases I and II, previously isolated from the venom of A. acutus (Zhu, Z., Gong, P., Teng, M., and Niu, L. (2003) Acta Crystallogr. Sect. D Biol. Crystallogr. 59, 547-550), are encoded by two almost ...
We deduced that Agkistrodon actus venom serine proteinases I and II, previously isolated from the venom of A. acutus (Zhu, Z., Gong, P., Teng, M., and Niu, L. (2003) Acta Crystallogr. Sect. D Biol. Crystallogr. 59, 547-550), are encoded by two almost identical genes, with only the single substitution Asp for Asn at residue 62. Amidolytic assays indicated that they possess slightly different enzymatic properties. Crystal structures of A. actus venom serine proteinases I and II were determined at resolution of 2.0 and 2.1 A with the identification of trisaccharide (NAG(301)-FUC(302)-NAG(303)) and monosaccharide (NAG(301)) residues in them, respectively. The substrate binding sites S3 of the two proteinases appear much shallower than that of Trimeresurus stejnegeri venom plasminogen activator despite the overall structural similarity. Based on structural analysis, we showed that these Asn(35)-linked oligosaccharides collide spatially with some inhibitors, such as soybean trypsin inhibitor, and would therefore hinder their inhibitory binding. Difference of the carbohydrates in both the proteinases might also lead to their altered catalytic activities.
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Key Laboratory of Structural Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, The People's Republic of China.