Structures of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Hyaluronate Lyase in Complex with Chondroitin and Chondroitin Sulfate Disaccharides: Insights Into Specificity and Mechanism of ActionRigden, D.J., Jedrzejas, M.J.
(2003) J.Biol.Chem. 278: 50596
- PubMed: 14523022
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M307596200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structural Basis of Hyaluronan Degradation by Streptococcus Pneumoniae Hyaluronate Lyase
Li, S.,Kelly, S.J.,Lamani, E.,Ferraroni, M.,Jedrzejas, M.J.
(2000) Embo J. 19: 1228
Streptococcus pneumoniae hyaluronate lyase is a surface enzyme of this Gram-positive bacterium. The enzyme degrades hyaluronan and chondroitin/chondroitin sulfates by cleaving the beta1,4-glycosidic linkage between the glycan units of these polymeric ...
Streptococcus pneumoniae hyaluronate lyase is a surface enzyme of this Gram-positive bacterium. The enzyme degrades hyaluronan and chondroitin/chondroitin sulfates by cleaving the beta1,4-glycosidic linkage between the glycan units of these polymeric substrates. This degradation helps spreading of this bacterial organism throughout the host tissues and facilitates the disease process caused by pneumococci. The mechanism of this degradative process is based on beta-elimination, is termed proton acceptance and donation, and involves selected residues of a well defined catalytic site of the enzyme. The degradation of hyaluronan alone is thought to proceed through a processive mode of action. The structures of complexes between the enzyme and chondroitin as well as chondroitin sulfate disaccharides allowed for the first detailed insights into these interactions and the mechanism of action on chondroitins. This degradation of chondroitin/chondroitin sulfates is nonprocessive and is selective for the chondroitin sulfates only with certain sulfation patterns. Chondroitin sulfation at the 4-position on the nonreducing site of the linkage to be cleaved or 2-sulfation prevent degradation due to steric clashes with the enzyme. Evolutionary studies suggest that hyaluronate lyases evolved from chondroitin lyases and still retained chondroitin/chondroitin sulfate degradation abilities while being specialized in the degradation of hyaluronan. The more efficient processive degradation mechanism has come to be preferred for the unsulfated substrate hyaluronan.
Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, USA.