1OFD

Glutamate Synthase from Synechocystis sp in complex with 2-Oxoglutarate at 2.0 Angstrom resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Active Conformation of Glutamate Synthase and its Binding to Ferredoxin

Van Den Heuvel, R.H.H.Svergun, D.I.Petoukhov, M.V.Coda, A.Curti, B.Ravasio, S.Vanoni, M.A.Mattevi, A.

(2003) J.Mol.Biol. 330: 113

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1OFE, 1OFF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glutamate synthases (GltS) are crucial enzymes in ammonia assimilation in plants and bacteria, where they catalyze the formation of two molecules of L-glutamate from L-glutamine and 2-oxoglutarate. The plant-type ferredoxin-dependent GltS and the fun ...

    Glutamate synthases (GltS) are crucial enzymes in ammonia assimilation in plants and bacteria, where they catalyze the formation of two molecules of L-glutamate from L-glutamine and 2-oxoglutarate. The plant-type ferredoxin-dependent GltS and the functionally homologous alpha subunit of the bacterial NADPH-dependent GltS are complex four-domain monomeric enzymes of 140-165 kDa belonging to the NH(2)-terminal nucleophile family of amidotransferases. The enzymes function through the channeling of ammonia from the N-terminal amidotransferase domain to the FMN-binding domain. Here, we report the X-ray structure of the Synechocystis ferredoxin-dependent GltS with the substrate 2-oxoglutarate and the covalent inhibitor 5-oxo-L-norleucine bound in their physically distinct active sites solved using a new crystal form. The covalent Cys1-5-oxo-L-norleucine adduct mimics the glutamyl-thioester intermediate formed during L-glutamine hydrolysis. Moreover, we determined a high resolution structure of the GltS:2-oxoglutarate complex. These structures represent the enzyme in the active conformation. By comparing these structures with that of GltS alpha subunit and of related enzymes we propose a mechanism for enzyme self-regulation and ammonia channeling between the active sites. X-ray small-angle scattering experiments were performed on solutions containing GltS and its physiological electron donor ferredoxin (Fd). Using the structure of GltS and the newly determined crystal structure of Synechocystis Fd, the scattering experiments clearly showed that GltS forms an equimolar (1:1) complex with Fd. A fundamental consequence of this result is that two Fd molecules bind consecutively to Fd-GltS to yield the reduced FMN cofactor during catalysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Pavia, via Abbiategrasso 207, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
FERREDOXIN-DEPENDENT GLUTAMATE SYNTHASE 2
A, B
1520Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa)Gene Names: gltS
EC: 1.4.7.1
Find proteins for P55038 (Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa))
Go to UniProtKB:  P55038
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
F3S
Query on F3S

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
FE3-S4 CLUSTER
Fe3 S4
FCXHZBQOKRZXKS-MZMDZPPWAW
 Ligand Interaction
FMN
Query on FMN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE
RIBOFLAVIN MONOPHOSPHATE
C17 H21 N4 O9 P
FVTCRASFADXXNN-SCRDCRAPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AKG
Query on AKG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
2-OXOGLUTARIC ACID
C5 H6 O5
KPGXRSRHYNQIFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 125.017α = 90.00
b = 149.665β = 90.00
c = 195.926γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
AMoREphasing
MOSFLMdata reduction
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-06-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance