1OC4

Lactate dehydrogenase from Plasmodium berghei


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure of Plasmodium Berghei Lactate Dehydrogenase Indicates the Unique Structural Differences of These Enzymes are Shared Across the Plasmodium Genus

Winter, V.J.Cameron, A.Tranter, R.Sessions, R.B.Brady, R.L.

(2003) Mol.Biochem.Parasitol. 131: 1


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • As Plasmodium rely extensively on homolactic fermentation for energy production, Plasmodium falciparum lactate dehydrogenase (PfLDH)--the key enzyme in this process--has previously been suggested as a novel target for antimalarials. This enzyme has d ...

    As Plasmodium rely extensively on homolactic fermentation for energy production, Plasmodium falciparum lactate dehydrogenase (PfLDH)--the key enzyme in this process--has previously been suggested as a novel target for antimalarials. This enzyme has distinctive kinetic and structural properties that distinguish it from its human homologues. In this study, we now describe the expression, kinetic characterisation and crystal structure determination of the LDH from Plasmodium berghei. This enzyme is seen to have a similar kinetic profile to its P. falciparum counterpart, exhibiting the characteristic lack of substrate inhibition that distinguishes plasmodial from human LDHs. The crystal structure of P. berghei lactate dehydrogenase (PbLDH) shows a very similar active site arrangement to the P. falciparum enzyme. In particular, an insertion of five amino acid residues in the active site loop creates an enlarged volume in the substrate binding site, and characteristic changes in the residues lining the NADH cofactor binding pocket result in displacement of the cofactor relative to its observed position in mammalian and all other LDH structures. These results imply the special features previously described for PfLDH may be shared across the Plasmodium genus, supporting the universal application of therapeutics targeting this enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
L-LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE
A, B
322Plasmodium berghei (strain Anka)EC: 1.1.1.27
Find proteins for Q7SI97 (Plasmodium berghei (strain Anka))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q7SI97
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
OXM
Query on OXM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
OXAMIC ACID
C2 H3 N O3
SOWBFZRMHSNYGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
OXMIC50: 92500 - 94400 nM (92) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 103.586α = 90.00
b = 71.528β = 90.00
c = 94.540γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-09-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance