1OBQ

Apocrustacyanin C1 crystals grown in space and earth using vapour diffusion geometry


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.169 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Apocrustacyanin C(1) Crystals Grown in Space and on Earth Using Vapour-Diffusion Geometry: Protein Structure Refinements and Electron-Density Map Comparisons

Habash, J.Boggon, T.J.Raftery, J.Chayen, N.E.Zagalsky, P.F.Helliwell, J.R.

(2003) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 59: 1117

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Models of apocrustacyanin C(1) were refined against X-ray data recorded on Bending Magnet 14 at the ESRF to resolutions of 1.85 and 2 A from a space-grown and an earth-grown crystal, respectively, both using vapour-diffusion crystal-growth geometry. ...

    Models of apocrustacyanin C(1) were refined against X-ray data recorded on Bending Magnet 14 at the ESRF to resolutions of 1.85 and 2 A from a space-grown and an earth-grown crystal, respectively, both using vapour-diffusion crystal-growth geometry. The space crystals were grown in the APCF on the NASA Space Shuttle. The microgravity crystal growth showed a cyclic nature attributed to Marangoni convection, thus reducing the benefits of the microgravity environment, as reported previously [Chayen et al. (1996), Q. Rev. Biophys. 29, 227-278]. A subsequent mosaicity evaluation, also reported previously, showed only a partial improvement in the space-grown crystals over the earth-grown crystals [Snell et al. (1997), Acta Cryst. D53, 231-239], contrary to the case for lysozyme crystals grown in space with liquid-liquid diffusion, i.e. without any major motion during growth [Snell et al. (1995), Acta Cryst. D52, 1099-1102]. In this paper, apocrustacyanin C(1) electron-density maps from the two refined models are now compared. It is concluded that the electron-density maps of the protein and the bound waters are found to be better overall for the structures of apocrustacyanin C(1) studied from the space-grown crystal compared with those from the earth-grown crystal, even though both crystals were grown using vapour-diffusion crystal-growth geometry. The improved residues are on the surface of the protein, with two involved in or nearby crystal lattice-forming interactions, thus linking an improved crystal-growth mechanism to the molecular level. The structural comparison procedures developed should themselves be valuable for evaluating crystal-growth procedures in the future.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, England.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CRUSTACYANIN C1 SUBUNIT
A, B
181Homarus gammarusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P80029 (Homarus gammarus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P80029
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.169 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 41.959α = 90.00
b = 80.539β = 90.00
c = 110.649γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-07-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance