Crystallographic studies on Ascaris suum NAD-malic enzyme bound to reduced cofactor and identification of an effector site.Rao, G.S., Coleman, D.E., Karsten, W.E., Cook, P.F., Harris, B.G.
(2003) J.Biol.Chem. 278: 38051-38058
- PubMed: 12853453
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M305145200
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystal Structure of the Malic Enzyme from Ascaris suum Complexed with Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide at 2.3 A Resolution
Coleman, D.E.,Rao, G.S.J.,Goldsmith, E.J.,Cook, P.F.,Harris, B.G.
(2002) Biochemistry 41: 6928
The crystal structure of the mitochondrial NAD-malic enzyme from Ascaris suum, in a quaternary complex with NADH, tartronate, and magnesium has been determined to 2.0-A resolution. The structure closely resembles the previously determined structure o ...
The crystal structure of the mitochondrial NAD-malic enzyme from Ascaris suum, in a quaternary complex with NADH, tartronate, and magnesium has been determined to 2.0-A resolution. The structure closely resembles the previously determined structure of the same enzyme in binary complex with NAD. However, a significant difference is observed within the coenzyme-binding pocket of the active site with the nicotinamide ring of NADH molecule rotating by 198 degrees over the C-1-N-1 bond into the active site without causing significant movement of the other catalytic residues. The implications of this conformational change in the nicotinamide ring to the catalytic mechanism are discussed. The structure also reveals a binding pocket for the divalent metal ion in the active site and a binding site for tartronate located in a highly positively charged environment within the subunit interface that is distinct from the active site. The tartronate binding site, presumably an allosteric site for the activator fumarate, shows striking similarities and differences with the activator site of the human NAD-malic enzyme that has been reported recently. Thus, the structure provides additional insights into the catalytic as well as the allosteric mechanisms of the enzyme.
Department of Molecular Biology and Immunology, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas 76107, USA.