1O0B

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF L-GLUTAMINE AND AMPCPP BOUND TO GLUTAMINE AMINOACYL TRNA SYNTHETASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.289 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Amino Acid Discrimination by a class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase specified by negative determinants

Bullock, T.L.Uter, N.Nissan, T.A.Perona, J.J.

(2003) J.Mol.Biol. 328: 395-408

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The 2.5 A crystal structure of Escherichia coli glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase in a quaternary complex with tRNA(Gln), an ATP analog and glutamate reveals that the non-cognate amino acid adopts a distinct binding mode within the active site cleft. In con ...

    The 2.5 A crystal structure of Escherichia coli glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase in a quaternary complex with tRNA(Gln), an ATP analog and glutamate reveals that the non-cognate amino acid adopts a distinct binding mode within the active site cleft. In contrast to the binding of cognate glutamine, one oxygen of the charged glutamate carboxylate group makes a direct ion-pair interaction with the strictly conserved Arg30 residue located in the first half of the dinucleotide fold domain. The nucleophilic alpha-carboxylate moiety of glutamate is mispositioned with respect to both the ATP alpha-phosphate and terminal tRNA ribose groups, suggesting that a component of amino acid discrimination resides at the catalytic step of the reaction. Further, the other side-chain carboxylate oxygen of glutamate is found in a position identical to that previously proposed to be occupied by the NH(2) group of the cognate glutamine substrate. At this position, the glutamate oxygen accepts hydrogen bonds from the hydroxyl moiety of Tyr211 and a water molecule. These findings demonstrate that amino acid specificity by GlnRS cannot arise from hydrogen bonds donated by the cognate glutamine amide to these same moieties, as previously suggested. Instead, Arg30 functions as a negative determinant to drive binding of non-cognate glutamate into a non-productive orientation. The poorly differentiated cognate amino acid-binding site in GlnRS may be a consequence of the late emergence of this enzyme from the eukaryotic lineage of glutamyl-tRNA synthetases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Interdepartmental Program in Biomolecular Science and Engineering, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9510, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase
A
554Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: glnS
EC: 6.1.1.18
Find proteins for P00962 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P00962
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
Glutaminyl tRNAB75N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GLN
Query on GLN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLUTAMINE
C5 H10 N2 O3
ZDXPYRJPNDTMRX-VKHMYHEASA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AMP
Query on AMP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
C10 H14 N5 O7 P
UDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.289 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 236.450α = 90.00
b = 92.890β = 90.00
c = 114.710γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORphasing
MOSFLMdata reduction
X-PLORmodel building
SCALAdata scaling
X-PLORrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance